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Diatribe28 December 2014

A diatribe is a severely critical type of discourse, often spoken, characterised by anger directed towards something or someone. more

Dramatic Irony28 December 2014

Dramatic irony is a frequent feature of dramatic texts. In plays, it occurs when the development of the plot allows the audience to possess more information about what is taking place than some of the... more

End-stopped line28 December 2014

An end-stopped line of verse is one in which the end of the line coincides with a grammatical pause usually signalled by punctuation. more

Cacophony21 December 2014

Cacophony is discordant, rugged or hard-sounded effects in prose or verse, usually produced by clusters of consonants arranged so as to make pronunciation difficult. Cacophony is frequent in comical... more

Caesura21 December 2014

From Latin for 'cutting', caesura is a pause within a line of verse, established by the natural organisation of language into phrases, clauses, and sentences, which do not conform to the metrical pattern. more

Cliché (cliche)21 December 2014

A cliche is a boring phrase, made tedious by frequent repetition. Cliches often attempt to be clever or sound fine, but are undermined by constant use. more

Grading Criteria on One Page17 December 2014

Both teachers and their students need to be familiar with the grading criteria for the course. It can be handy to have the grading criteria for each assessment component readily available and compressed... more

The Language of War14 December 2014

In its Mission Statement, The International Baccalaureate ‘aims to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural... more

Comparative Commentaries to Go: Iceland7 December 2014

It is sometimes said that anthropology aims to make the familiar strange and the strange familiar. If this is so, the two texts on Iceland, below, are works of anti-anthropology. It may be the case that,... more

Planning30 November 2014

Most teachers are, one way or another, rather new to teaching Language and Literature. Even teachers who have taught (the old) A1 and/or A2 syllabuses, or have now taught Language and Literature for... more