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P1 Sample work28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with the expectations of Paper 1, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good... more

WT2 Questions & samplesfree8 October 2012

Higher Level students must write at least one critical response (written task 2) to a text. These responses, which in fact are essays, answer one of six prescribed quesitons from the Language A: Language... more

Written tasksfree8 February 2013

Throughout this course, you will build a portfolio of written tasks. There are two types of written tasks, known as written task 1 (WT1) and written task 2 (WT2). These are very different in nature. more

Criteria27 February 2012

When preparing for the Paper 1 exam, you should familiarize yourself with its assessment criteria. If you know what examiners are looking for, then you are more likely to write effectively and score... more

Gender & sexualityfree16 February 2012

This topic asks us to become more aware of language as an expression of gender identities. When we talk about gender in reference to language, we are referring to the way language embodies, reinforces... more

Criteriafree23 June 2012

Before you write written tasks, you should look at the assessment criteria. This way you know what the examiner is looking for. The best way to become familiar with the criteria is to use them regularly.... more

P2 Sample workfree28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with Paper 2, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good samples are presented... more

Topicsfree6 May 2013

The IB has stipulated several suggested topics for Part 1. You may want to cover a few of them in depth or more of them in passing. When studying a particular topic, it is important that we have many... more

Paper 2free28 February 2012

The Paper 2 exam consists of six essay questions, only one of which must be answered during the timed period. The essay is to be written about the Part 3 literary texts. Therefore, it is a test of understanding... more

Use of persuasive languagefree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is the 'use of persuasive language'. Persuasive language runs through mass media, from advertisements to political... more

IOC Sample workfree5 March 2012

This section contains several sample individual oral commentaries from former students. You will want to look at sample work for several reasons, depending on who you are and what your aims are. Teachers... more

Language and campaignsfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and presentation of speeches and campaigns'. As we explore how various media are used to persuade... more

#MeToo - Gender and Power18 January 2018

In October of 2017, the New York Times and the New Yorker published damning reports about the atrocious behavior of Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein. Multiple women accused him of sexual assault and... more

FOA Samplesfree28 November 2011

In order to prepare for the further oral activities, you will want to listen to work from previous students. The following samples include both good and poor practice, along with teacher's comments on... more

WT2 Tipsfree5 March 2012

Before you start writing a written task 2, or 'critical response', you will need a strategy or 'game plan'. The list of tips below offers you a step-by-step approach for this task. You will notice that... more

Requirementsfree6 November 2013

Part 3 - Literature: texts and contexts focuses on how context influences both the composition and the interpretation of literary texts. Here are several requirements to keep in mind when planning or... more

Opinion column30 August 2012

Newspapers and magazines often have columnists who write for them. Generally speaking newspapers or magazines want there to be a cult of personality surrounding these columnists to generate good sales... more

Text typesfree20 December 2011

The Language A: Language and Literature guide suggests we study a range of text types. 'Deconstructing texts', as we call it, is one way of exploring the structural conventions of various text types.... more

2018 Paper 1 (SL) Tasmania8 November 2018

Texts about travel are proving to be popular choices for Paper 1. It boils down to this: there’s nothing controversial about them. Having to set an exam paper for the entire world—and for such... more

Stereotypesfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'stereotypes'. For this topic, we look at how various ethnic or gender stereotypes are created in the media.... more

Individual oral commentaryfree28 November 2011

The individual oral commentary (IOC) is a test on Part 4, a critical study of literature. By the time students take this oral exam SL students will have studied two works from the PLA, and HL students... more

Criteriafree3 October 2013

Before you conduct a further oral activity, you should become familiar with the corresponding assessment criteria. You can become familiar with the criteria through self-assessment, peer assessment... more

WT1 skillsfree28 February 2012

The guide states that written task 1 is an 'imaginative piece'. Imagination, however, is not the skill that is assessed when you look at the criteria. In fact there are other 'hard' skills that you can... more

Language and taboofree27 December 2011

One of the 'suggested topics' from the IB Language A: Language and Literature guide for Part 1 is 'language and taboo'. As we look at how language is used in various contexts, we see that some people... more

Criteriafree28 February 2012

Before you sit the final Paper 2 exam, you will want to have practiced writing and assessing essays in class, using the IB assessment criteria. Self assessment, peer assessment and teacher assessment... more

Language and the individualfree27 December 2011

One of the suggested topics in the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and the individual'. For this topic we are concerned with how an individual identity is constructed through... more

Tipsfree28 February 2012

While the Paper 2 essay only takes 1.5 hours at SL and 2 hours at HL, in fact you can spend hours preparing for it. Good preparation will ensure that every minute of the exam is used wisely. We recommend... more

Skillsfree25 November 2011

Paper 2 requires certain writing skills. Even if you have a thorough understanding of your Part 3 works, you must be able express them coherently and effectively. Academic essay writing, like anything,... more

Outlinesfree8 June 2012

There is no single correct way to write Paper 2. However there are several good ways to structure the essay. Before you begin to write your essay, take 10-15 minutes to outline the main ideas. This is... more

Language and communitiesfree27 December 2011

One of the suggested topics from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and communities'. As we look at how language is used in various contexts, we see that people express allegiance... more

WT1 SL (Language and Identity)31 December 2015

This written task is based on Part 1 of the course, Language in Cultural Context. The task explores the relationship between language(s) and identity. The task also, apparently, builds on the study of... more

Media institutionsfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'media institutions'. Here we study the role of organizations and businesses in determining the messages that... more

Textual biasfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 in the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'textual bias'. Perhaps you have read a text and thought: 'This has been written with a particular agenda.'... more

WT SL (Gendered Advertising)17 August 2017

Law schools often force students to take an opposing position to the one they hold. They require students to understand the claims and arguments – the logic – of the opposing counsel so that they... more

WT2 Skills2 August 2012

Written task 2 requires essay-writing skills, such as the ability to write coherently and accurately. Many of these essay-writing skills are also covered in the Paper 2 skills section of this Subject... more

Criteria5 March 2012

Before the individual oral commentary is taken, you should have a good understanding of the assessment criteria. Students will want to practice assessing their own work, a classmate's work, or a recording... more

Part 318 February 2012

Part 3: Literature - texts and contexts invites us to look at literary texts in the contexts in which they were written and read. The requirements for Part... more

8 writing tipsfree27 February 2012

This lesson focuses on eight ways to invigorate your writing style. These tips will come in handy for all written activities that you do, from essay writing to creative writing. They help you meet the... more

2018 Paper 1 (SL) Sharks11 October 2018

The fear of sharks is real. The release of Jaws, of course, amplified those fears. And that fear hasn’t subsided in the least. The Discovery Channel has used that fear and fascination for years... more

Assessment and Feedback Formsfree18 April 2014

One of the purposes of the Language and Literature website is to make teaching more straightforward for teachers; to ‘save time’, as it were. With this in mind, teachers can access, on this page,... more

Language, Gender, and Power19 September 2013

Each of us is enculturated. This is a lifelong process in which our identities are formed. Through enculturation, we learn many things. Not least, perhaps, we learn gendered identities of what it is... more

Requirementsfree8 February 2013

A common question asked in Part 2 - Language and mass communication is: ‘To what extent does a medium, determine a particular message?’ Here we look at how the mass media use language to inform,... more

Outcomesfree12 July 2012

Below are the three learning outcomes that should be met while studying Part 3 of the English A: Language and Literature course. For each outcome a brief explanation is offered, together... more

Assessment29 December 2011

In these pages you can find all you need to know about assessment for the English A: Language and Literature course. For each form of assessment, the basic... more

Writing Rationales for Written Tasks11 July 2013

Writing the rationale to Written Tasks, type 1 can be challenging for students. Historically, the idea of writing Written Tasks borrows from the now moribund Language A2 course. A frequent lament of... more

Anti-smoking Advertising15 November 2018

The following lesson is, unlike much of the material on the InThinking website, a little ‘language light’. It focuses on ideas, rather than language. Teachers may, of course, adapt the lesson, inserting... more

Analyzing tone2 February 2013

Writers communicate a message to us through a particular tone. Tone is the choice of vocabulary, syntax and verb tense, all of which place the reader in a particular mood. As we analyze the language... more

Language and social relationsfree27 December 2011

One of the 'suggested topics' from the IB Language A: Language and Literature guide for Part 1 is 'language and social relations'. As we look at how language is used in various contexts, we cannot avoid... more

Compare & contrast27 February 2012

Paper 1 at HL asks you to compare and contrast two texts. Comparative analysis is a skill that requires practice. Using Venn diagrams or tables is a great way to brainstorm together on the similarities... more

#MeToo - Gender and Power (Part 2)1 February 2018

#MeToo has been splashed over front page headlines, taken center stage at the Golden Globes, and been endlessly discussed and debated on Twitter. In 2017, Time magazine even named “The Silence Breakers”... more