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P1 Sample work28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with the expectations of Paper 1, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good... more

Paper 1: Sample Response 1 (How to Attract Women Without Even Trying)7 May 2019

This analysis responds thoroughly and effectively to the advertisement ‘How to attract women without even trying’. Arguably, the somewhat sexually explicit nature of the advertisement makes it a rather... more

Global issues31 July 2019

The IB has defined global issues in the following manner: (a) they have significance on a wide/large scale; (b) they are transnational; (c) the impact is felt in everyday contexts (55). It is imperative... more

The Individual Oral: Exemplar 3 (The Great Gatsby and Generation Wealth)22 August 2019

This is out third Individual Oral exemplar. The first can be found here, and the second can be found here. On an earlier page - see here - we provided lesson ideas for teaching the global issue of inequality.... more

The Individual Oral, Global Issues, The Great Gatsby, and Generation Wealth (with Bodies of Work)8 August 2019

A social media post written by a language and literature teacher suggested that teaching global issues is a waste of time and not something to be concerned about. There is, arguably, some merit in this... more

WT2 Questions & samplesfree8 October 2012

Higher Level students must write at least one critical response (written task 2) to a text. These responses, which in fact are essays, answer one of six prescribed quesitons from the Language A: Language... more

Advertising techniquesfree24 February 2012

We live in a world of visual stimulation. In the car, on the metro, or strolling through town, we absorb the invitations to look, buy, do, react, often unconsciously. Because we are so accustomed to... more

Written tasksfree8 February 2013

Throughout this course, you will build a portfolio of written tasks. There are two types of written tasks, known as written task 1 (WT1) and written task 2 (WT2). These are very different in nature. more

Paper 2free28 February 2012

The Paper 2 exam consists of six essay questions, only one of which must be answered during the timed period. The essay is to be written about the Part 3 literary texts. Therefore, it is a test of understanding... more

Requirements25 June 2019

While there is much freedom in the teaching of the IB Language A: Language and literature course, it’s not a free for all. The IB does list specific requirements for both the study of literary works... more

Criteria27 February 2012

When preparing for the Paper 1 exam, you should familiarize yourself with its assessment criteria. If you know what examiners are looking for, then you are more likely to write effectively and score... more

P2 Sample workfree28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with Paper 2, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good samples are presented... more

Criteriafree23 June 2012

Before you write written tasks, you should look at the assessment criteria. This way you know what the examiner is looking for. The best way to become familiar with the criteria is to use them regularly.... more

"I, too, sing America": 5 Significant Michelle Obama Speeches23 May 2019

When the Obama era came to a close in the United States, much was made - and rightly so - about his abilities as an orator. Websites and newspapers were ranking his top speeches, comparing them to J.F.K.,... more

Explaining the Learner Portfolio to Students25 April 2019

Some students struggle with IB requirements - and having a learner portfolio is a must for all students. Those struggles can sometimes be alleviated when students understand the purpose behind the concept. more

Use of persuasive languagefree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is the 'use of persuasive language'. Persuasive language runs through mass media, from advertisements to political... more

Individual oral commentaryfree28 November 2011

The individual oral commentary (IOC) is a test on Part 4, a critical study of literature. By the time students take this oral exam SL students will have studied two works from the PLA, and HL students... more

2019 Paper 1 (HL) - Taxis26 September 2019

The May 2019 exam was the penultimate exam for the first iteration of the IB Language A: Language and Literature course. With that in mind, and still wanting to make sure these students have what they... more

Gender & sexualityfree16 February 2012

This topic asks us to become more aware of language as an expression of gender identities. When we talk about gender in reference to language, we are referring to the way language embodies, reinforces... more

Language and campaignsfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and presentation of speeches and campaigns'. As we explore how various media are used to persuade... more

IOC Sample workfree5 March 2012

This section contains several sample individual oral commentaries from former students. You will want to look at sample work for several reasons, depending on who you are and what your aims are. Teachers... more

Stereotypesfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'stereotypes'. For this topic, we look at how various ethnic or gender stereotypes are created in the media.... more

WT2 Tipsfree5 March 2012

Before you start writing a written task 2, or 'critical response', you will need a strategy or 'game plan'. The list of tips below offers you a step-by-step approach for this task. You will notice that... more

Media institutionsfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'media institutions'. Here we study the role of organizations and businesses in determining the messages that... more

Text typesfree20 December 2011

The Language A: Language and Literature guide suggests we study a range of text types. 'Deconstructing texts', as we call it, is one way of exploring the structural conventions of various text types.... more

Topicsfree6 May 2013

The IB has stipulated several suggested topics for Part 1. You may want to cover a few of them in depth or more of them in passing. When studying a particular topic, it is important that we have many... more

Paper 2: Sample Response 4 (A Doll’s House and The Crucible)19 September 2019

The following Paper 2 essay responds to this question: How and why might two of the works you have studied be considered inspirational? The literary works selected for this essay, A Doll’s House and... more

Principles of course design26 June 2019

There are four guiding principles the IB wants you to think about when designing your course: variety, integration, autonomy, and accountability. While there are restrictions and requirements – you... more

Introducing Intertextuality7 March 2019

Intertextuality: connecting texts is one of three areas of exploration that provide a framework for the English A: Language and Literature course. Intertextuality is a complex and contested term. It was... more

Artists: Barbara Kruger (Body of Work)4 July 2019

This body of work comes from Barbara Kruger, a renowned artist known for her visuals with short superimposed text that questions the viewer's ideas about identity, women, power, materialism, and more. more

Textual biasfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 in the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'textual bias'. Perhaps you have read a text and thought: 'This has been written with a particular agenda.'... more

HL Essay: Exemplar 1 (Women's Health)5 September 2019

Here is our first HL Essay exemplar. In the coming weeks and months, we will publish more. This one derives from the study of 'Women's Health', a non-literary body of work. The text type is 'front covers'... more

Formatting the Learner Portfolio25 April 2019

There are many ways to format the learner portfolio and you will find there is no single right way. Instead, InThinking is suggesting a wide variety of options, from analog to digital to a combination... more

Learner Portfolio25 April 2019

The learner portfolio is a wonderful opportunity for your students to chart their growth and their learning over the two year Language and Literature course. It is meant to act as a tool to aid in their... more

Popular culturefree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'popular culture'. "What's current creates currency," Marshal McLuhan once said. This mantra holds true for... more

Criteriafree28 February 2012

Before you sit the final Paper 2 exam, you will want to have practiced writing and assessing essays in class, using the IB assessment criteria. Self assessment, peer assessment and teacher assessment... more

Criteria5 March 2012

Before the individual oral commentary is taken, you should have a good understanding of the assessment criteria. Students will want to practice assessing their own work, a classmate's work, or a recording... more

FOA Samplesfree28 November 2011

In order to prepare for the further oral activities, you will want to listen to work from previous students. The following samples include both good and poor practice, along with teacher's comments on... more

WT2 Skills2 August 2012

Written task 2 requires essay-writing skills, such as the ability to write coherently and accurately. Many of these essay-writing skills are also covered in the Paper 2 skills section of this Subject... more

Analyzing tone2 February 2013

Writers communicate a message to us through a particular tone. Tone is the choice of vocabulary, syntax and verb tense, all of which place the reader in a particular mood. As we analyze the language... more

2018 Paper 1 (SL) Sharks10 October 2018

The fear of sharks is real. The release of Jaws, of course, amplified those fears. And that fear hasn’t subsided in the least. The Discovery Channel has used that fear and fascination for years... more

#MeToo - Gender and Power18 January 2018

In October of 2017, the New York Times and the New Yorker published damning reports about the atrocious behavior of Hollywood mogul Harvey Weinstein. Multiple women accused him of sexual assault and... more

Skillsfree25 November 2011

Paper 2 requires certain writing skills. Even if you have a thorough understanding of your Part 3 works, you must be able express them coherently and effectively. Academic essay writing, like anything,... more

Texts to go28 May 2013

Teachers may find it useful to have a range of texts and text extracts relevant to Parts 1 and 2 of the course that are readily accessible. The point, in this section of the website, is not to be prescriptive... more

The Pitch: Introducing Advertising9 November 2014

The following lesson activities, it is hoped, provide for a stimulating introduction to advertising. The lesson begins by asking students to consider the pervasive role of advertising in the contemporary... more

Language and communitiesfree27 December 2011

One of the suggested topics from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and communities'. As we look at how language is used in various contexts, we see that people express allegiance... more

Paper 2: Sample Response 1 (Never Let Me Go and Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close)7 May 2019

The following Paper 2 response is, in most regards, very good. It addresses this question: Some say ignorance is bliss. How is “not knowing” presented in the two works that you have studied and to... more

Paper 1 (HL) Visual Texts7 March 2014

It is entirely possible that students may be expected to comment on visual texts or visual aspects, including graphology, of multimodal texts in their Paper 1 examination, both at Standard and Higher... more

Requirementsfree6 November 2013

Part 3 - Literature: texts and contexts focuses on how context influences both the composition and the interpretation of literary texts. Here are several requirements to keep in mind when planning or... more

HL Essay: Exemplar 2 (White Noise)free3 October 2019

Ask a teacher whether we should teach critical theory to IB Language and Literature students and the answers you receive are as wide ranging and diverse as the theories that exist. It is worth reflecting,... more