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P1 Sample work28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with the expectations of Paper 1, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good... more

Explaining the Learner Portfolio to Students25 April 2019

Some students struggle with IB requirements - and having a learner portfolio is a must for all students. Those struggles can sometimes be alleviated when students understand the purpose behind the concept. more

WT2 Questions & samplesfree8 October 2012

Higher Level students must write at least one critical response (written task 2) to a text. These responses, which in fact are essays, answer one of six prescribed quesitons from the Language A: Language... more

Learner Portfolio25 April 2019

The learner portfolio is a wonderful opportunity for your students to chart their growth and their learning over the two year Language and Literature course. It is meant to act as a tool to aid in their... more

Written tasksfree8 February 2013

Throughout this course, you will build a portfolio of written tasks. There are two types of written tasks, known as written task 1 (WT1) and written task 2 (WT2). These are very different in nature. more

Formatting the Learner Portfolio25 April 2019

There are many ways to format the learner portfolio and you will find there is no single right way. Instead, InThinking is suggesting a wide variety of options, from analog to digital to a combination... more

Criteria27 February 2012

When preparing for the Paper 1 exam, you should familiarize yourself with its assessment criteria. If you know what examiners are looking for, then you are more likely to write effectively and score... more

Individual oral commentaryfree28 November 2011

The individual oral commentary (IOC) is a test on Part 4, a critical study of literature. By the time students take this oral exam SL students will have studied two works from the PLA, and HL students... more

Criteriafree23 June 2012

Before you write written tasks, you should look at the assessment criteria. This way you know what the examiner is looking for. The best way to become familiar with the criteria is to use them regularly.... more

P2 Sample workfree28 February 2012

One of the best ways to learn is by example. In order to become familiar with Paper 2, you will want to look at how student work has been assessed in the past. Both poor and good samples are presented... more

Introducing Intertextuality7 March 2019

Intertextuality: connecting texts is one of three areas of exploration that provide a framework for the English A: Language and Literature course. Intertextuality is a complex and contested term. It was... more

Paper 2free28 February 2012

The Paper 2 exam consists of six essay questions, only one of which must be answered during the timed period. The essay is to be written about the Part 3 literary texts. Therefore, it is a test of understanding... more

IOC Sample workfree5 March 2012

This section contains several sample individual oral commentaries from former students. You will want to look at sample work for several reasons, depending on who you are and what your aims are. Teachers... more

"I, too, sing America": 5 Significant Michelle Obama Speechesfree23 May 2019

When the Obama era came to a close in the United States, much was made - and rightly so - about his abilities as an orator. Websites and newspapers were ranking his top speeches, comparing them to J.F.K.,... more

Identities and the Power of Naming14 May 2019

The Language and Literature course can be constructed in a variety of ways. Eight examples of course construction can be found here. A successfully designed course is likely to show a good degree of cohesion... more

8 writing tipsfree27 February 2012

This lesson focuses on eight ways to invigorate your writing style. These tips will come in handy for all written activities that you do, from essay writing to creative writing. They help you meet the... more

Generation Z - #memyselfieandifree16 May 2019

We have arrived at Generation Z. It is this so-called iGeneration that we currently teach. For them, familiarity with the Internet and social media started from a young age. They grew up in the early... more

Language and campaignsfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and presentation of speeches and campaigns'. As we explore how various media are used to persuade... more

Stereotypesfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'stereotypes'. For this topic, we look at how various ethnic or gender stereotypes are created in the media.... more

Topicsfree6 May 2013

The IB has stipulated several suggested topics for Part 1. You may want to cover a few of them in depth or more of them in passing. When studying a particular topic, it is important that we have many... more

Analyzing tone2 February 2013

Writers communicate a message to us through a particular tone. Tone is the choice of vocabulary, syntax and verb tense, all of which place the reader in a particular mood. As we analyze the language... more

The Big 5free27 February 2012

At the heart of the English A: Language and Literature course is textual analysis. In order to prepare for Paper 1 and the individual oral commentary, you will want to learn how to analyze various texts.... more

Textual biasfree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 in the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'textual bias'. Perhaps you have read a text and thought: 'This has been written with a particular agenda.'... more

Compare & contrast27 February 2012

Paper 1 at HL asks you to compare and contrast two texts. Comparative analysis is a skill that requires practice. Using Venn diagrams or tables is a great way to brainstorm together on the similarities... more

Creating student accountsfree3 April 2019

Allowing students to access to InThinkingMany of the pages on this site are accessible to students. The information below explains how to provide your students with the means to use the site; if there... more

Individual Oral Commentary (HL) Death of a Naturalist14 July 2016

Poems are often a good choice for Part 4 texts and for the IOC. Whilst poems exist in dialogic interplay with other texts, they are in a certain sense self-contained. It is likely that a poem studied... more

2018 Paper 1 (SL) Sharks11 October 2018

The fear of sharks is real. The release of Jaws, of course, amplified those fears. And that fear hasn’t subsided in the least. The Discovery Channel has used that fear and fascination for years... more

WT2 Tipsfree5 March 2012

Before you start writing a written task 2, or 'critical response', you will need a strategy or 'game plan'. The list of tips below offers you a step-by-step approach for this task. You will notice that... more

Criteria5 March 2012

Before the individual oral commentary is taken, you should have a good understanding of the assessment criteria. Students will want to practice assessing their own work, a classmate's work, or a recording... more

Applying CDA27 February 2012

The field of critical discourse analysis (CDA) offers useful tools for Paper 1. Critical discourse analysis is concerned with the description and interpretation of discourse in context. Essentially,... more

Text typesfree20 December 2011

The Language A: Language and Literature guide suggests we study a range of text types. 'Deconstructing texts', as we call it, is one way of exploring the structural conventions of various text types.... more

Individual Oral Commentary (SL) The Great Gatsby (2)26 May 2016

This sample Individual Oral Commentary comes from a student preparing for his final IOC. It is a mock examination, conducted under the same conditions as the real exam: 20 minutes of preparation, 10-12... more

2017 Paper 1 (SL) "New Scientist"5 October 2017

The following Paper 1 (SL) is a response to the May 2017 examination, Text 1, an article published in the magazine New Scientist. The student’s work reveals a generally excellent understanding of the... more

Exploring text types27 February 2012

A great variety of text types may appear on Paper 1. You may see an ad, a brochure, a website or a memoir. You will want to be able to quickly identify the type of text on the exam and its purpose. In... more

Advertising techniquesfree24 February 2012

We live in a world of visual stimulation. In the car, on the metro, or strolling through town, we absorb the invitations to look, buy, do, react, often unconsciously. Because we are so accustomed to... more

Representing the Other: How to Write About Africa15 May 2019

Understanding the reader’s response to a text requires students to fundamentally appreciate that they already have established and evolving preconceptions. They are not blank slates. This is a critical... more

Prior Perspectives: The Preconception Gamefree21 May 2019

Quite early in the Language and Literature course, teachers will want to get their students to do some self-reflection, and ideas can be recorded in learner portfolios. Students, if they are going to... more

Approaching Texts: Line by Linefree7 April 2016

Here’s a tricky one: Students – I know this from experience – are often a little slapdash in their approach to textual analysis. Seriously. Writing with a flamboyant flourish, they will make sweeping... more

Use of persuasive languagefree23 February 2012

One of the suggested topics for Part 2 of the Language A: Language and Literature guide is the 'use of persuasive language'. Persuasive language runs through mass media, from advertisements to political... more

Language and the individualfree27 December 2011

One of the suggested topics in the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and the individual'. For this topic we are concerned with how an individual identity is constructed through... more

Language and communitiesfree27 December 2011

One of the suggested topics from the Language A: Language and Literature guide is 'language and communities'. As we look at how language is used in various contexts, we see that people express allegiance... more

2018 Paper 1 (HL) Robotsfree28 June 2018

In January this year (2018) a new kind of shop opened in Seattle. Amazon Go’s ‘just walk out’ convenience store made it possible for customers to walk in, scan their phones, pick up goods, and walk... more

WT2 Skills2 August 2012

Written task 2 requires essay-writing skills, such as the ability to write coherently and accurately. Many of these essay-writing skills are also covered in the Paper 2 skills section of this Subject... more

2018 Paper 1 (SL) Tasmania8 November 2018

Texts about travel are proving to be popular choices for Paper 1. It boils down to this: there’s nothing controversial about them. Having to set an exam paper for the entire world—and for such... more

2017 Paper 1 (SL) Justice Hub30 October 2017

The following Paper 1 (SL) is a very strong response to the May 2017 examination, Text 2, an extract from the website Justice Hub. For teachers with access to the exam text, there are a number of things... more

FOA Samplesfree28 November 2011

In order to prepare for the further oral activities, you will want to listen to work from previous students. The following samples include both good and poor practice, along with teacher's comments on... more

Paper 1: Sample Response 1 (How to Attract Women Without Even Trying)7 May 2019

This analysis responds thoroughly and effectively to the advertisement ‘How to attract women without even trying’. Arguably, the somewhat sexually explicit nature of the advertisement makes it a rather... more

Getting startedfree4 October 2012

After reading the Language A: Language and Literature guide, you may ask yourself: 'Where do I begin?' These pages help you get started. First of all it is important to recognize your own strengths.... more

Requirementsfree6 November 2013

Part 3 - Literature: texts and contexts focuses on how context influences both the composition and the interpretation of literary texts. Here are several requirements to keep in mind when planning or... more

Requirementsfree18 July 2013

Part 1 - Language in cultural context is the study of non-literary texts. We look at how culture and context both shape texts and their interpretations. The nature of this part of the course will largely... more