Text types

The Language A: Language and Literature guide suggests we study a range of text types. 'Deconstructing texts', as we call it, is one way of exploring the structural conventions of various text types. In this section we ask ourselves: "What kinds of features contribute to the text's structure?" The samples of texts given on these pages could be considered archetypical. In other words, they have many of the defining features of a particular text type. 

If you are preparing a written task 1, consult these pages to ensure that your text contains many of the defining characteristics and features of the type of text that you want to write. Furthermore you may want to study these pages in preparation for Paper 1, where you are asked to comment on the structure of unseen texts. 

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Comments 12

jan jonk 13 October 2017 - 09:12

Dear David,
We're doing text types at the moment, in connection to speeches. Would it be permitted to use TED talks as a source for written tasks 1

jan jonk

Tim Pruzinsky 14 October 2017 - 05:43

Hi Jan,

Yes, TED Talks can be used as the source material for WT1. Just make sure the TED Talk connects to the course objectives in a way that is clear for students and examiners.


Dione Smith 3 March 2018 - 17:37

Hi Tim, One of my students wants to use an alternative ending to 'The Pit and the Pendulum' as his WT1. Is this acceptable? He's created an amazing ending it's just that I'm worried that it's not a text type. It is definitely a creative response. Could the text type be prose? I am confused. Thank you in advance Tim.
Bonne weekend,

Dione Smith 3 March 2018 - 17:38

ps. one of our Part 4 texts was 'The Pit and the Pendulum' and I had them all write an alt ending as an exercise.

Dione Smith 3 March 2018 - 17:39

It could fit into short story perhaps

Tim Pruzinsky 4 March 2018 - 23:40

Hi Dione,

I would call it an "alternative ending" since that's what it sounds like it is. And that's okay as a text type. In the rationale, the student will want to discuss what techniques she used to imitate Poe and why. She'll also want to defend her content choices in the alternative ending. But this is 100% acceptable as a WT1.


Dione Smith 8 March 2018 - 14:46

Dear Tim, Your reply was music to my ears! Thank you so much for your advice. My reply is delayed as I have now uploaded all my WT's! On to the oral uploads.
Merci beaucoup,

Christine Helyer 16 March 2018 - 10:16

Dear Tim,
We are looking at the evolution of language as one of our Part 1 topics. One of my students has asked if she can explore changing language through a poem. Would this be acceptable as a text type for WT1 if it is based on language? Many thanks,

Tim Pruzinsky 17 March 2018 - 01:37

Hi Chrissie,

If the topic studied - the evolution of language - is clear in her poem, then yes, it could work. Some teachers are very comfortable with giving students this creative freedom and others less so. Find what works for you while also keeping in mind what will allow the student to be most successful in the examination of it as well.


Fay Henderson 3 May 2018 - 09:54

Dear Tim,
One of my students wants to write an extract from the biography of Heathcliff as his WT1. Is this an acceptable task for him to submit? (we are looking at Wuthering Heights in part 4).
Additionally any recommendations for biographies that he could explore as sources of inspiration would be very welcome.
Many thanks,


David McIntyre 3 May 2018 - 10:21

Hi Fay,

This WT idea is just fine. The main thing is that the student shows an understanding of the novel. What the student could do is to go to the library and look at a number of biographies to get a sense of things like voice, register etc. In the rationale, the student should explain what understandings of characterisation (and the novel more generally) s/he is showing, and what aspects of language convey the sense that the text is a biography.

Kind regards,


Fay Henderson 16 May 2018 - 13:23

Many thanks, David - this is really useful advice.
Kind regards,


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