Below are the three learning outcomes that one should aim to meet while studying Part 4 of the English Language and Literature course. For each outcome, a brief explanation is offered. The learning outcomes in bold are taken from the IB guide for Language A: Language and Literature.

  • Explore literary works in detail.
    In Part 4, students engage in the close reading of literary texts. In order to meet this outcome, you will need to focus on extracts from a larger literary texts. Not only is this useful when preparing for the individual oral activity, but this enables one to focus on a specific literary devices, the placement of a smaller text in a greater context and the effects of a passage on the reader. Furthermore, at such a level of analysis, you may notice a difference between a text's overt and covert messages.
  • Analyze elements such as theme and the ethical stance or moral values of literary texts.
    Analyzing literary texts is like deciphering codes. Although writers are not always aware of the implications and meanings of their own texts, we want to try to make interpretations. "What does the author stand for?" is one question that you will inadvertently address while analyzine literary texts. Furthermore you may find yourself asking: "What is the author's intention?" "How does he or she view the world?" Often, you can find answers when studying texts in depth.
  • Understand and make appropriate use of literary terms.
    When analyzing literary texts, one needs to understand the mechanics of fiction and poetry. One question we should ask is: "What kinds of devices do writers make use of to convey a message or express a sentiment?" Identifying literary devices however, is only the beginning. One needs to go further and ask "What are the effects of these devices on the reader?"
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