Contemporary Approaches to Reducing Food Insecurity
Lesson Time: 2-3 Hours
- To be able to identify different types of contemporary approaches to food production
- To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of different approaches including, GM crops, vertical farming and in vitro farming
Starter Activity_ Contemporary Approaches to Food Production
Look at the following slides and try to match the type of contemporary approach to food production on your worksheet to correct image in the gallery below
Watch the following BBC video on the role of technology in increasing food production (23 Minutes) This could also be started in class and then given as a homework
Student Activity - Contemporary Approaches - Class Debate
Students can either be teacher led through the activities below which includes enquiry based questions, worksheets and video based questions, or they can complete the activities as part of the independent research for the debate statement below.
The best format for this debate will include two people per team with 4 people per debate. As part of the preparation students should prepare a summary of their arguments to give to the class who will participate through questions and judge the outcome.
This house believes:
- That GM food is the answer to world hunger?
- That In Vitro Meat is the long term answer to environmental sustainability
- That vertical farming is the most cost effective way of feeding the urbanized world
- 2 minute entry statements for and against house belief
- Followed by second 2 minute statement beginning with points of information on the opposite opening statement(s)
- 5 minutes of open debate starting with questions from the floor
- Final vote from the audience based on the quality and persuasiveness of the debating teams
Students should investigate the following enquiry question using the resource provided. Print it out and cut it up as selection of text resources and graphics. Students should then uses the information to build up their own argument on how effective GM food has been for increasing food production.
To what extent can it be claimed that GM food is the answer to world hunger?
The following 54321 graphic can be a useful support to the class discussion on the effectiveness of GMOs for increasing food production. Other discussion points are included in the box below
Students can also watch this short clip from Vandana Shiva covering her criticism of GMOs.
Some of her key points include:
Student Activity_ Exploring Some of the Successes of GM Food
Students should identify a number of potential positive steps in the form of direct increases in food production.
Give the following three infographics to groups of students or place them around the room and students should fact find the potential for future food production the three staples, potato, wheat and rice.
Student Activity_ GM Potatoes in Ireland
Watch the following video clip from MIT Technology Review and make notes on how the new GM variety potato can resist blight.
Student Activity_ Read the MIT article extract on why we will need GM Foods
Student Activity_ The Climbing Bean in Rwanda
A Rwandan farmer proudly showing her climbing bean
Research how in Rwanda they have successfully introduced GM climbing beans replacing the traditional bush bean and directly increasingly farmer income and food production.
Student Activity_ In Vitro Meat Jigsaw
- Use the following PDF as a jigsaw and have students to put the jigsaw back together. Check your answers here
- Using your jigsaw make notes on the advantages of In Vitro Meat versus conventional beef production.
Student Activity - Animation Meat The Future
Watch the animation on In Vitro Meat Production and add to the advantages and disadvantages sheet
Student Activity_ The Fatal Floors of In Vitro Meat
Read the following texts and make note the challenges and disadvantages of In Vitro Meat.
Watch the following videos on In Vitro solutions
Student Activity _ Vertical Farming in Japan
Watch the following video based in Japan on vertical farming and identify the advantages and disadvantages
Student Activity_ Hydroponic Animal Feed in the UK
Watch the following BBC news report and make note further notes on the use of hydroponics
Student Activity_ World's Largest Vertical Farm
Read the following Guardian article that questions the productivity and reach of vertical farm projects and make notes on the problems the article with vertical farms the article identifies.
Follow this up with the BBC Reel video that features some excellent innovations to meet increasing food demand, including a in-depth look at the world's largest vertical farm. Watch from 4.50 minutes