Participation in Countries at Contrasting Stages of Development
Participation in Countries at Contrasting Stages of Development
This page develops students insight into changing patterns of leisure in three very different detailed examples, including the growth of the event industry, including music festivals, the growth of international tourism in China and challenges of globalisation for young people in Bhutan.
How is participation in leisure activities changing in countries at different stages of development
The Growth of Organized Events as Leisure in the UK
Starter Activity - UK Festival Growth - Processes and Places
Watch the video introducing the growth in UK festivals.
Discuss why you think there is growing participation i festivals in the UK
Student Activity - Music Events in the UK - Processes and Places
Study the following graph showing music attendance at concerts and festival and describe the trend in participation
Study the following resource on the growth of festival attendance in the UK
Using the resource write a paragraph on the growth and changing 'festival ecosystem' in the UK
Student Activity - Who's Going to Festivals? - Places and Processes
Study the following infographic and describe the demographic of festival goers.
Student Activity - The Growth in the UK Events Industry - Processes and Places
Using the following Eventbrite site, infographic and text and answer the questions on the worksheet
Student Activity - Child's Play - Processes and Places
Read the following text adapted from two articles, from the Atlantic and Child in the City
Identify the reasons for reduced child play in the UK
The Growth of Tourism in China
Starter Activity - The Growing Chinese Middle Class - Processes and Places
Study the graph and comment on how the trend shown would influence changing participation in leisure
Student Activity - Long Term Trend in Chinese Tourism - Places and Processes
- Study the following graph and describe the growth in domestic and outbound tourist expenditure
- How do you think Chinese expenditure compares with other countries?
- Study the second hidden graph and compare Chinese tourist expenditure to other countries
Comparison with other countries
Economist Analysis of Pattern:
Student Activity - The Growth of Tourism in China - Processes and Places
Watch the following BBC World Video and answer the questions on the sheet provided
Student Activity - The Pattern of Tourism Dependence in China - Patterns and Places
Study the graph and describe the spatial variation in tourism revenue dependency
Read the following description set out by HSBC
In 2016 the south-western province of Guizhou had the nation's highest ratio of tourism revenue to GDP, at 43 per cent, pointing to the highest level of dependence. It was followed by Shanxi, at 33 per cent, and Yunnan, at 32 per cent. Tourism has been an important economic growth-driver for Guizhou, with the province leveraging its rich ethnic heritage to develop related sightseeing activities. The apparent reliance on tourism of Shanxi, China's coal base, is less immediately explicable, although the ancient city of Pingyao is a draw. The province is striving to develop the sector as it aims to reduce its dependence on coal mining.
Elsewhere, tourism is important to the economy of Tibet, which had a tourism revenue-to-GDP ratio of 29 per cent in 2016. The central authorities have spent billions of dollars to improve rail and road connections to the region, led by the inauguration of the Tibet-Qinghai railway in 2008. Visits to Tibet increased almost sixfold between 2007 and 2016, to 23.2m, despite a fall in visitors in 2008 amid local unrest and rioting. Less successful have been efforts to draw tourists to Xinjiang, in the north-west, which has a relatively low dependence on the sector. Security concerns and travel restrictions are likely to thwart the development of local tourism in that region.
Not all interior provinces are dependent on tourism. Ningxia had the lowest tourism revenue-to-GDP ratio in 2016, at 7 per cent, but its integration into the high-speed railway network may help to draw more visitors. A connection between the provincial capital, Yinchuan, and Xi'an (the capital of central Shaanxi province) is due to be completed by 2020. Two other lines are under construction, connecting Yinchuan with Lanzhou (the provincial capital of Gansu) and Qingdao (Shandong). The province also has a promising wine industry, and vineyard tours are available to visitors. The second lowest ratio was recorded by Heilongjiang, at 10 per cent. Cold weather and long travelling distances may deter visitors, although the annual Ice Festival in the provincial capital, Harbin, remains a pull.
Changes in Leisure for Bhutanese Youth
Starter Activity - Bhutan- Key Drivers of Change - Places and Processes
Study the following graph, note down the trend and discuss hi=ow it might influence leisure participation of Bhutanese youth
Find more statistics at Statista
Study the following graph and discuss what impacts this might have leisure activities among the Bhutanese youth
Student Activity - Pressures on Bhutan's Youth - Processes and Places
Watch the following video on Bhutan and identify the challenges facing the youth in Bhutan.
Student Activity - Growing Youth Delinquency - Processes and Places
Discuss how the following factors are effecting young people and the growing trend in delinquency
- Substance abuse
Read the following text adapted from A Bhutan government report on the challenges facing the youth
The challenges confronting the youth are compounding by the day, which is a matter of serious national concern. For instance, as of 2017, about 6,000 substance abusers were registered with Royal Bhutan Police according to Bhutan Narcotic Control Authority. More worryingly, the trend on substance abusers is steadily climbing over the years and more than 90 percent of these are youth.
It has become important and urgent that we all come together and put in our undivided efforts to combat these challenges. Today, our nation is faced with following youth-related challenges – unemployment; substance abuse; deteriorating human values; deteriorating culture and tradition; crime and theft; suicide; poor sense of common national identity; rural urban migration, and others.
Student Activity - Reasons for youth Delinquency - Places and Processes
Study the following diagram and discuss as a class the causes of increased crime and delinquency among Bhutanese youth
Student Activity - The Impacts of Television on Bhutan - Processes and Places
Use the following Frontline World interactive resource based on the introduction of technology and TV in Bhutan and identify the impacts on the country.
A good way to do this would be to make a class Padlet based on the content of personal profiles within the interactive resource