Unit 1 - Changing Population

Unit 1 - Changing Population

This online book is to be used to support students following Unit 1 of the SL/HL core. It includes content and guidance in line with the syllabus on geographic perspectives - global change, as well as assessment support linked to ATL development. It develops, fully researched place examples and case studies. The book also includes a wide range of interactive features, including embedded animations, graphs and maps as well as smart quizzes and written assignments linked to markbook.

 Unit 1 - Changing Population

Chapter 1a - Population Distribution at the Global scale

Population density varies across regions and among them depending largely on physical factors that give a natural advantage to a place. Extreme climates and physical remoteness means low population density....

Chapter 1b - Global Patterns of Economic Development

There are many terms used to refer to a country's or region's level of development. Some have become obsolete and their use can be misrepresentative. The best known economic development measure is the World...

Chapter 1c - Population distribution and economic development at the national scale

Population distribution at the national scale is influenced by the same physical factors as at the global scale. Cities and regions with natural physical and human advantages grow fast in population and...

Chapter 1d - China

Chin has in the last 30 years, seen the biggest sustained population movement of human history. It has has helped create a distinctly polarised pattern of population distribution and economic development...

Chapter 1e - Nigeria

Nigeria is a regional superpower and its great oil wealth in the Delta Region has helped create a strong core-periphery pattern at the national scale. The south also situates Lagos, a megacity that produces...

Chapter 2a - Population Change and Demographic Transition

Population structure changes over time with economic development. This can be seen in the Demographic Transition Model (DTM). With social and economic development, mortality and fertility rates both fall....

Chapter 2b - China - Population Change

China's population structure has changed dramatically over time and has also experienced shocks as well as baby booms. Natural change in fertility rates as well strict government polices have helped move...

Chapter 2c - Nigeria - Population Change

Nigeria has a rapidly growing population, due to high fertility rates, leading to natural increase. It stands between stage 2 and 3 of the DTM. Its large youthful population and continued high fertility...

Chapter 2d - The Consequences of Megacity Growth

Lagos is by far the most populated city in Nigeria, with a population size of perhaps 21 million in its wider metropolitan region. This growth has occurred rapidly over a short period of time, due to...

Chapter 2e - Forced Migration and Internal Displacement in Nigeria

49 million people were internally displaced in Nigeria in 2019. Many factors lead to forced migration. Its large size makes it very difficult to govern. Many people suffer poverty in rural areas and the...

Chapter 2f - The European Migration Crisis

The European migration crisis took place between 2015 and 2016 as a consequence of conflict in the Middle East. Other migrants were fleeing political oppression and poverty. The journey's they made were...

Chapter 3a - Trends in Demographics

Family size is falling globally, alongside falling fertility rates. At the same time in many developed countries, the structure of the family is changing, to reflect changing attitudes to family life...

Chapter 3b - Pro-natal Policies and Policies Associated with Ageing Societies

Pro-natalist policies and policies associated with ageing societies often go hand in hand. The demographic challenges faced by different countries relates to the size of their population and their level...

Chapter 3c - Anti-natalist Policies

This page introduces anti-natalist policy through the famous and notorious One-Child Policy in China; but to what extent was it needed? It then looks at the policies that enabled such rapid reduction...

Chapter 3d - Policies Associated with Gender Equality in Developing and Energing Economies

The lives of women in developing and emerging economies cannot be compared to women's lives in developed countries.Therefore policies to address gender equality need to be targeted. Fundamental aspects...

Chapter 3e - Policies Associated with Gender Inequality in Developed Countries

Gender inequality is both invisible and visible in developed countries. It involves deep rooted male bias across all aspects of society that close more doors for women than it opens. Data bias, design...

Chapter 3f - Policies Associated with Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking is one of the fastest growing and profitable crime sectors. Estimates suggest between 20-40 million people are victims of forced trafficking. Crime at such a global scale requires massive...

Chapter 3g- South Korea's Demographic Dividend

The demographic dividend requires simultaneous reform in population policy to control fertility rates alongside socio-economic policy that injects skills and modernises the economy. This is best illustrated...

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