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1.1 Theme 1 - Rivalry, Mistrust and Accord (ATL)free14 September 2019

Theme 1: Rivalry, Mistrust and AccordTheme 1 of this Topic covers the key developments in the Cold War from 1945 through to 1989. This page covers events from 1945 to late 1950s.The second part of Theme... more

3. Japanese expansion in East Asia (1931 - 1941) (ATL)30 August 2019

The growth of Japanese nationalism and militarism after 1931 and the consequent expansion of Japan into East Asia led to war with China and conflict with the West. This was to culminate in the Japanese... more

3. Theme 3 - Cold War Crises (ATL)3 June 2019

Theme 3: Cold War crisesThis theme involves studying Cold War crises. A crisis is considered to be an event when there was a clear escalation of tension between the superpowersStudents need to be able... more

1.2 Theme 1 - Rivalry, Mistrust and Accord (ATL)4 October 2019

This page follows on from the first ATL page for this theme - starting with the impact of the nuclear arms race through to the final collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold War.The Berlin crisis... more

1. The Weimar Republic (1918 - 1933) (ATL)4 September 2019

The Weimar Republic (1918 - 1933)Here are some different activities that you can do for this part of Section 14 on Weimar Germany. There is a mixture of starter activities on this page plus source activities,... more

2. Nazi Germany (1933 - 1939) (ATL)31 October 2018

Here are some different activities that you can do for this part of Section 14 on Weimar Germany. There is a mixture of starter activities on this page plus source activities, summary activities, analytical... more

4. Japanese expansion in East Asia: Videos and activities27 August 2018

On this page you will find some suggestions and links to videos that can be used as well as teacher notes with suggestions as to how the videos can be used with students. Questions for each video are... more

1. Stalin's rise to power and rule (ATL)30 October 2018

Here are some different activities that you can do for this first part of Section 16. There is a mixture of starter activities on this page plus source activities, summary activities, analytical activities,... more

1.2 German and Italian expansionism (1933 - 1940) ATL4 December 2018

The ATL on this page deal with the role of Hitler and Germany in increasing international tension in the 1930s and ultimately forcing Britain and France to declare war in September 1939. more

Paper 1free2 August 2018

Paper 1 is a source paper in which students must answer four questions on four sources which are all related to one of the prescribed subjects. This page gives an overview of what is required; see Guidelines... more

Case Study Topic 10: Mao (ATL)free17 April 2019

Case Study: Mao ZedongThe ATL on this page are for students to investigate the key themes connected with Mao's rise and consolidation of power and the nature of his rule.The key details of Mao's rule... more

1. First World War: Causes (ATL)28 August 2018

The page contains ATL to help students understand the causes, practices and effects of The First World War.For students studying this topic for Paper 3, more detail on the causes of the First World War... more

1. Rivalry, mistrust and accord: essay writing exercises and essay plans2 April 2019

Rivalry, mistrust and accord: essay framesThis theme of the Cold War topic will contain more specific questions than the other two themes which will usually be more comparative in nature. more

1. Europe and the First World War (ATL)12 February 2019

On this page you will find ATL on the causes and impact of the First World War. These are in addition to ATL which can be found on the case study of the First World War for Paper 2: Case Study: First... more

4. First World War: Essay planning for Paper 23 August 2018

First World War: Essay planning This page contains ATL to improve essay writing for this topic as well as specific essay frames.Task OneATL: Thinking skillsThe six key concepts in history are: more

2. Chinese Civil War: Practices (ATL)3 August 2018

This section looks at the practices of the Chinese Civil War, linking the course of the war to the prescribed content headings for wars on the IB syllabus.Note that this section links to Paper 3 Asia... more

2. African Americans and the fight for civil rights (ATL)free16 September 2019

This section looks at the different methods used by African Americans to end segregation and achieve equality, and the influence of both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X on the civil rights movement. more

Topic 11: Japan 1920 to 1990free4 January 2019

This period of Japan's history starts with a period of 'liberal' democracy, examines the descent into nationalism and militarism in the 1930s with its catastrophic results, and then looks at the reconstruction... more

3. The growth of militarism and nationalism in Japan6 October 2018

Despite the moves towards democracy and internationalism in the 1920s, external pressures ensured that the underlying problems which still existed in Japanese government and society would lead to a growth... more

1. Imperial Russia, reform and reaction (1855 - 1894) (ATL)4 August 2018

The years 1855 to 1894 saw Russia experiencing some dramatic reforms, but also severe repression.Here are some different activities that you can do for this first part of Section 12. There is a mixture... more

3. Westward expansion and the crises of the 1850s17 March 2019

This page examines the turbulent years of the 1850s which saw divisions in America deepen and set the stage for the outbreak of civil war.Guiding QuestionsWhat was the impact of the Mexican-American War? more

Comparative essay planning for authoritarian states3 August 2018

This page gives some suggestions for activities and plans which require students to compare two authoritarian states; this skill is key for this paper and students need plenty of practice in planning... more

Topic 14: Political developments in Latin America (1945–1980)free1 May 2019

This topic covers political developments in Latin America after 1945, including the rise to power of new leaders and their economic and social policies.Specifically, this unit looks at: more

Case Study: Cuban Civil War (ATL)3 August 2018

Case Study: Cuban Civil WarThe ATL on this page are designed to help students understand the causes, practices and effects of the Cuban Civil War. This works as a case study for both a civil war and a... more

Case Study: Vietnam War (ATL)31 March 2019

Case Study: The Vietnam WarThe ATL on this page are designed to help students understand the causes, practices and effects of the Vietnam War.Some videos are suggested below; other videos are on the actual... more

2. Origins of the Civil War11 November 2018

This page explores further the growing tensions over the different political, social and economic developments taking place in the northern and southern states of America.Guiding questions: more

1. The impact of the First World War on Japan16 September 2018

The First World War saw Japan increasing its role on the world stage; it increased its territories and influence and, in the post-war years, entered into the Washington Treaties with the USA and Britain. more

5. First World War: Graded student examples3 August 2018

On this page you will find sample student essays.For Paper 2, wars will never be named in the questions so these are essays where the First World War has been used as the example in response to an open-ended... more

3. Rise of Communism in China (ATL)17 September 2018

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) had its origins in the turbulent decade of the 1920s. This section looks at its ideology and its conflict with the other major political force in China - the Guomindang... more

1. Spanish Civil War: Causes (ATL)free3 August 2018

After over a century of social, economic and political division, the Spanish Civil War broke out in July 1936 when an attempted military coup failed and the country descended into internal conflict more

An introduction to themes and prescribed content (ATL)free3 August 2018

This page aims to introduce students to the concept of authoritarian states and to think about the themes and prescribed content that they will need to consider in their study of authoritarian states.... more

2. Spanish Civil War: Practices (ATL)3 August 2018

The Spanish Civil War was fought between the Republicans and The Nationalists. However it was protracted by, and possibly ultimately determined by, foreign interventions. The historian Beevor suggested... more

6. The Soviet Union and Russia: Essay frames and writing exercisesfree27 August 2018

This page contains a variety of essay writing exercises and essay plans for this topic.Task OneEssay practice: IntroductionsDiscuss the reasons why Stalin rather than Trotsky had become leader of the... more

Internal Assessment (IA)free2 August 2018

The IA or Internal Assessment provides both SL and HL students with an opportunity to explore any part of your history programme in more detail, or indeed to explore an area that is not covered by your... more

4. Second World War: Effects (ATL)3 August 2018

Guiding questions:What was the situation in Europe and Asia at the end of the Second World War?What were the economic costs of the Second World War?What were the political and ideological effects of the... more

7. Imperial Russia, revolution and the establishment of the Soviet Union (1855–1924): Videos and activities16 May 2019

On this page you will find some suggestions and links to videos that can be used as well as teacher notes with suggestions as to how the videos can be used with students. Questions for each video are... more

What are ATL?27 August 2018

All activities on this site are based on different Approaches to Teaching and Learning (ATL). This page discusses these in more detail.A key aim of the IB is to develop the following key learning skills... more

4. The Bolshevik consolidation of power (1918 - 1924) (ATL)4 August 2018

On this page, there are ATL to help students understand how the Bolsheviks managed to consolidate their power in the years 1917 and 1924 and survive a civil war.Note that this section can also be used... more

2. Imperial Russia: The last years of autocracy (1894 - 1914) (ATL)free4 August 2018

This page covers a range of activities to help students understand the events of Nicholas II's reign: the growing tensions, impact of the 1905 revolution and outbreak of war.Videos and ideas for using... more

4. Apartheid South Africa: Videos and activities2 August 2018

On this page you will find some suggestions and links to videos that can be used as well as teacher notes with suggestions as to how the videos can be used with students. Questions for each video are... more

1. Extended Essay: Choosing topics and questions2 August 2018

The EE: Choosing topics and questionsOne of the key roles for you as a supervisor is to guide students in their choice of topic and question. Here are some tips on this process.Points to consider when... more

4. How the Civil War was fought10 September 2019

This page examines the strengths and weaknesses of the Union and the Confederacy, the role and impact of the different military and political leaders on each side and the impact of the key military campaigns. more

4. China at war 1931 to 1949 (ATL)17 September 2018

From 1931, China was subjected to an invasion by the Japanese; this conflict became part of the wider conflict of the Second World War from 1941. Although Jiang and Mao created a second United Front to... more

2. Versailles to Berlin: Essay frames and writing exercises4 August 2018

This page contains ATL to improve essay writing for this topic in Paper 3 as well as specific essay frames for Paper 3 style essays.In pairs plan the following essay:Discuss the reasons why the Versailles... more

Hitler: Essay planning for Paper 2free3 August 2018

Essay planning for using Hitler as a case studyThis page contains ATL to improve essay writing using Hitler as a case study when discussing authoritarian states.See also the essay page on plans for comparative... more

2. The extent and nature of Soviet control29 July 2019

In the years 1945 to 1950, Stalin established political control over the eastern and central European states; he also tied them economically to the USSR and, via the Warsaw Pact, secured military control.... more

2. Taisho Democracy17 September 2018

The reign of the Taisho Emperor, although short, is associated with a period of optimism in Japan's development when it seemed that Japan was becoming part of the international world order and developing... more

3. Social impact of the Second World War5 August 2018

The Second World War impacted on the role of women, African Americans and minority groups in America. All groups were involved to some degree in the war effort and this led to changes in their lives -... more

1. Rwanda (1990–1998) (ATL)2 August 2018

Here are some different activities that you can do for this unit. There is a mixture of starter activities on this page plus source practice, summary activities, analytical activities, individual work... more

2. The Nanjing decade (1927 - 1937)free12 October 2018

The Nanjing Decade was a relatively stable period during which China was ruled by Jiang Jieshi, Sun Yixian's successor. However, many challenges remained and there was only limited success in creating... more