Case Study: The English Civil War
The English Civil War, 1642 to 1651, saw King Charles I fight Parliament for control of the English government. It actually consisted of three civil wars and the fighting took place also in Scotland, Wales and Ireland causing widespread death and devastation. It ended in the trial and execution of Charles - the first English King to have been executed, the replacement of the monarchy with the Commonwealth of England, and the rise of Oliver Cromwell to a virtual military dictatorship. Ultimately it ended the idea of the divine right of kings and established the belief that parliament was supreme in political matters.
The origins of the English Civil War can be found in the reign of James I and in the political, economic and religious tensions that developed during his time as monarch.