1. Case Study: India
India's fight for independence from British rule started in the mid 19th Century and ended in 1947 when the Indian Independence Bill came into force; it was hailed by Indian independence leader Mohatma Gandhi as the “noblest act of the British nation'. However, the British creation of two states, India and Pakistan, was to lead to violence and war between the two countries and both faced daunting challenges in their first ten years of independence.
Indian nationalism developed from the mid 19th Century in response to British rule; however it was the economic and political impact of the First World War which helped create a mass independence movement...
This section overlaps with Paper 3, Asia region, Topic 10 on Nationalism and Independence in India where we have covered the key events leading to independence in India in detail.
Both India and Pakistan faced extensive challenges in the ten years after independence.