Topic 05: Slavery and the New World (1500–1800)
This topic covers the development of slavery in the Americas - how and why it developed, the role and nature of the Atlantic slave trade, as well as resistance and opposition to slavery.
Specifically this topic covers:
- Reasons for and origins of slavery
- The role of colonial powers in the establishment and expansion of slavery; the impact of the asiento
- The Middle Passage
- Living and working conditions in the New World
- Slave resistance and slave rebellions - including a case study of a specific rebellion
- Opposition to the slave trade and slavery; the role of Quakers and the other early abolitionists
From the middle of the 15th century, until the end of the 19th century, Europeans established a trade with the West coast of Africa which involved transporting African slaves to the Americas. This was...
This page examines the horrors of the 'Middle Passage', the second leg of the transatlantic 'triangular' trade in which the slaves were forced to endure 'a kind of living death' aboard the slave ships.
Slaves leaving the West Coast of Africa could be taken to the West Indies, to Brazil, or to the southern colonies of British America. In all three regions, they were taken to plantations and thus slaves...
Slave resistance took many forms. Rebellions were the most dramatic form of resistance, but slaves also challenged their masters through many individual acts of defiance.
The impact of slavery was far-reaching; it brought wealth to the countries, companies and individuals involved in the slave trade and slavery, both in Europe and in the Americas. But this was at the cost...