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1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

SAQ study guide18 October 2020

In addition to the other study guides on this site, this is a list of just the SAQ questions that may be asked on the exam. Although there may be some slight variations in the wording of the questions,... more

Thinking about drinking19 September 2020

The following activity is one that I do with my students after we have started learning about the limitations of experiments. If you are using the lesson plans, you may be familiar with this worksheet... more

Questionnaires and surveys20 July 2021

In addition to the qualitative and quantitative research methods already discussed in this chapter, there are two other commonly used methods - questionnaires and surveys. Unfortunately, many people use... more

Introduction to IA presentation6 May 2021

The presentation below is a complete overview of the internal assessment requirements. This presentation is a good introduction, but students may find it a bit overwhelming. You may want to use it to... more

LP 1: Intro to memory27 January 2018

This lesson plan is an introduction to the cognitive approach and our first cognitive process to be studied - memory. The following ppt presentation is used to start the lesson. This is an 80-minute... more

Cakes of deception28 August 2019

The following assignment is something that I give to my students for homework, but this could also be done as an in-class exercise. This is part of our discussion of strengths and limitations of experiments.... more

TOK: The 12 conceptsfree29 August 2021

You may not have noticed but TOK has changed. The main difference is that the framework of the TOK curriculum has shifted to become "concept-based." This means that the focus of the course is now on... more

Tversky and Kahneman (1974)9 August 2019

According to the Dual Process Model, when we make a decision, we either use system 1 or system 2 thinking. System 1 thinking is quick and relies on past experience or mental short-cuts, called heuristics.... more

Theory of Knowledge (TOK) from 202029 August 2021

The Theory of Knowledge CourseThe Theory of Knowledge Course provides students with an opportunity to explore and reflect on the nature of knowledge and the process of knowing. It embraces the exploration... more

SAQ marking: Neuroplasticity17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of neuroplasticity linked to human behaviour. For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample,... more

Sample 1: Durability of relationships14 January 2018

The following sample extended essay does not have an official grade. It is an essay that was submitted for the former curriculum which has been heavily rewritten by me in order to demonstrate some of... more

Setting up the course5 September 2020

The following section of the site has suggestions for setting up your course. There is no magic way to do it. As you will see, some teachers like to do it unit by unit. Although this approach is highly... more

IA Menu 3free1 June 2021

The following menu is a list of potential studies to use for your internal assessment.Some of the studies are rather complex and may need to be simplified. Remember, all IB experiments must have only... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

Finding a sample26 September 2019

The following activity is a way to get students to think about how to choose a sample. There are two components of the activity - first, to have students imagine what a sample would look like if chosen... more

ERQ marking: Localization12 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on localization of function with regard to human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

Anagram research assessment25 September 2020

The following activity is something that I use as an assessment at the end of my introductory unit on research methods. The goal is to have students take part in an experiment and then apply their conceptual... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission26 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

Sample 2: Effects of bilingualism14 April 2021

The following essay looks at the effects of bilingualism on cognitive executive functions. The essay is used with permission.Attached you will find a copy of the EE with annotations. Assessment of the... more

Quiz: Qualitative research10 May 2020

I give the following quiz as an open-notebook quiz at the end of our introductory unit. In this way, I make sure that students not only understand the vocabulary but are able to apply it.The quiz below... more

Module: Biological revision31 January 2021

This module is a revision of the key concepts of the biological approach. Each component of the module has a mini-assessment which will either give you direct feedback, or which you may submit to your... more

Charlton et al (2002)4 November 2020

Social Cognitive Theory has been used to explain the origin of aggression in children. The theory is based on the concept of "social learning" - that is, learning by observing the behaviour of a model.... more

Troster and Beatty (1989)free26 January 2019

Troster and Beatty (1989)carried out a study of the role of acetylcholine on memory. You can use this study for the following learning objectives:Discuss research methods used in the study of the brain... more

SAQ marking: Brain imaging17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain the use of one technique for studying the role of the brain in behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 -... more

Worksheet: Neurotransmission11 May 2020

The attached document is a review sheet that I use with my students to help them to understand the concept of neurotransmission. I give this to them as a take-home assignment in preparation for an in-class... more

ERQ marking: Reliability of memory4 March 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: To what extent is one cognitive process reliable?For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there is a predicted... more

Module: Cognitive revision 13 January 2021

This module is a revision of the key concepts of the cognitive approach. Each component of the module has a mini-assessment which will either give you direct feedback, or which you may submit to your... more

Sparrow (2011)3 May 2020

Sparrow et al, 2011 wondered if the Internet has become an enormous transactive memory store. If this is true, then individuals no longer feel the need to remember information but simply need to remember... more

Investigating animal models27 May 2018

Animal models are often used because we believe that animals exhibit behaviours that are similar to human beings.The following activity is meant for you to explore the question of whether human and animal... more

SAQ sample: Antagonists30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the role of one antagonist with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.An antagonist is any substance that fits into a receptor... more

Quiz: Experimental research terminology2 January 2020

The following quiz is a simple revision of terminology regarding experimental research. Fill in the blanks with the keyword or phrase that is missing. When you have finished, you may want to do a bit... more

SAQ sample: Neurotransmission 16 December 2017

The following SAQ is a response to the question: Explain the role of one neurotransmitter on one human behavior making use of one study.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy of the... more

The power of boredom19 June 2021

The following activity has the goal of getting students to think critically about research and do a bit of inquiry.Students will first watch a short video on why boredom may be good for them. There are... more

ERQ sample: Acculturation11 June 2020

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss acculturation. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students may discuss Berry's model, criticisms of the model, difficulties... more

ATL planner: Diagnosis23 June 2019

The following unit planner is based on the lesson plans that are in the curriculum resources section of the site. This is a model unit planner to help you adapt your own unit plans in order to meet IB... more

Organization of the ERQ2 November 2018

Writing an exam response to an extended responses question is not easy for many students. Unfortunately, there are many trends in the writing that lead to students getting low marks. This includes writing... more

Template: Evaluation6 May 2021

When writing your evaluation of the internal assessment, it is important that your writing is clear and well-structured. On this page, you will find a template to guide you in writing this section. Please... more

Module: Qualitative research methods11 August 2020

The following module looks at the use of qualitative research methods in psychology. This includes observations, interviews, and case studies. The module focuses on conceptual understanding relevant... more

Analysis portfolio13 March 2021

One of the best ways to help students to prepare for the IA is to do "mock IAs" over the course of the first year. Of course, full IAs would be a lot of work for them and a lot of marking for you - so,... more

ERQ marking: Evolution24 June 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate one evolutionary argument to explain one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

SAQ sample: Excitatory synapses29 November 2019

The following sample is for the question: Describe one study that demonstrates the role of an excitatory neurotransmitter in the study of human behaviour.Remember, this question may not be asked as an... more

SAQ sample: Inhibitory synapses29 November 2019

The following sample is for the question: Describe one study that demonstrates the role of inhibitory synapses in the study of human behaviour.Remember, this question may not be asked as an ERQ. more

Bransford and Johnson (1972)5 February 2021

Bartlett refers to efforts after meaning, i.e. trying to make the past more logical, more coherent, and generally more ‘sensible’, which involves making inferences or deductions about what could or... more

ERQ marking: Pheromones2 August 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the potential role of pheromones in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each... more

9. Human relationships4 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

Generalizing from case studies29 March 2020

The view that one cannot generalize on the basis of a single case is a common misunderstanding seen on examinations. It is often used as an evaluative strategy. For example, “HM was a case study. ... more

Is Broca still relevant today?28 March 2020

There are many classic studies in psychology that are now getting quite old. One such study, by Paul Broca, is 160 years old. The original study did have an impact on what we understand about language... more

Fundamentals of Research Quiz 24 September 2017

The following quiz focuses on the nature of hypotheses, as well as reminds them of the difference between correlational and experimental research. more