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The individual and the group29 October 2018

Psychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if the social context in which behaviour occurs is taken into account. One assumption of the sociocultural approach is that human... more

SAQ study guide18 October 2020

In addition to the other study guides on this site, this is a list of just the SAQ questions that may be asked on the exam. Although there may be some slight variations in the wording of the questions,... more

IA marking: Sample 129 June 2018

The sample below is based on Strack and Mussweiler's (1997) study of anchoring bias.The IA below does not include any appendices, with the exception of the raw data which is included below. more

ERQ marking: Reliability of memory4 March 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: To what extent is one cognitive process reliable?For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there is a predicted... more

Tversky and Kahneman (1974)9 August 2019

According to the Dual Process Model, when we make a decision, we either use system 1 or system 2 thinking. System 1 thinking is quick and relies on past experience or mental short-cuts, called heuristics.... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

Introduction to IA presentation6 May 2021

The presentation below is a complete overview of the internal assessment requirements. This presentation is a good introduction, but students may find it a bit overwhelming. You may want to use it to... more

LP 1: Intro to memory27 January 2018

This lesson plan is an introduction to the cognitive approach and our first cognitive process to be studied - memory. The following ppt presentation is used to start the lesson. This is an 80-minute... more

ERQ sample: Cognitive ethics6 September 2020

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss ethical considerations in research in the cognitive approach, making use of relevant research. Discuss means that students should not just describe... more

IA Exemplar Medium16 March 2018

The sample below is one of three exemplars that I will be using with my students. They are all from the same experiment, but one is a "high", one is a "mid" and one is a "low" scoring internal assessment. more

Sparrow (2011)3 May 2020

Sparrow et al, 2011 wondered if the Internet has become an enormous transactive memory store. If this is true, then individuals no longer feel the need to remember information but simply need to remember... more

IA marking: Sample 28 August 2019

The sample below is based on Baddeley, Thomson & Buchanan's (1975) study of word length effect.The sample is based on a student's work, but is heavily edited and changes have been made to illustrate different... more

SAQ marking: Schema theory20 February 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of schema theory.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample, there is a predicted grade... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission26 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

Methodology in sociocultural7 April 2017

In sociocultural research, the goal is to see how people interact and influence each other. Various research methods - both qualitative and quantitative - are used to study this behaviour. Quantitative... more

ERQ marking: Localization12 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on localization of function with regard to human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

ERQ sample: Ethics in animal research3 August 2020

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss ethical considerations in the use of animal research to study hormones and behaviour. Discuss asks students to look holistically at the question... more

ERQ sample: Enculturation21 January 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss the enculturation of one behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students may show how social cognitive theory, direct... more

Module: Cognitive revision 13 January 2021

This module is a revision of the key concepts of the cognitive approach. Each component of the module has a mini-assessment which will either give you direct feedback, or which you may submit to your... more

Module: Sociocultural revision3 January 2021

This module is a revision of the key concepts of the sociocultural approach. Each component of the module has a mini-assessment which will either give you direct feedback, or which you may submit to your... more

SAQ marking: Genetic inheritance24 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study that investigates the role of genetic inheritance of one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award... more

Charlton et al (2002)4 November 2020

Social Cognitive Theory has been used to explain the origin of aggression in children. The theory is based on the concept of "social learning" - that is, learning by observing the behaviour of a model.... more

SAQ marking: Brain imaging17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain the use of one technique for studying the role of the brain in behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 -... more

Organization of the ERQ2 November 2018

Writing an exam response to an extended responses question is not easy for many students. Unfortunately, there are many trends in the writing that lead to students getting low marks. This includes writing... more

ERQ marking: Evolution24 June 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate one evolutionary argument to explain one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

SAQ marking: Neuroplasticity17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of neuroplasticity linked to human behaviour. For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample,... more

Bransford and Johnson (1972)5 February 2021

Bartlett refers to efforts after meaning, i.e. trying to make the past more logical, more coherent, and generally more ‘sensible’, which involves making inferences or deductions about what could or... more

SAQ sample: Ethics in biology16 December 2017

The following sample SAQ addresses the question: Describe one ethical consideration related to one research study in the biological approach.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy... more

SAQ sample: Excitatory synapses29 November 2019

The following sample is for the question: Describe one study that demonstrates the role of an excitatory neurotransmitter in the study of human behaviour.Remember, this question may not be asked as an... more

SAQ sample: Antagonists30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the role of one antagonist with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.An antagonist is any substance that fits into a receptor... more

Module: Biological revision31 January 2021

This module is a revision of the key concepts of the biological approach. Each component of the module has a mini-assessment which will either give you direct feedback, or which you may submit to your... more

Troster and Beatty (1989)free26 January 2019

Troster and Beatty (1989)carried out a study of the role of acetylcholine on memory. You can use this study for the following learning objectives:Discuss research methods used in the study of the brain... more

IA Exemplar Low16 March 2018

The sample below is one of three exemplars that I will be using with my students. They are all from the same experiment, there is a "high", a "mid" and a "low" scoring internal assessment.The experiment... more

ERQ sample: Acculturation11 June 2020

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss acculturation. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students may discuss Berry's model, criticisms of the model, difficulties... more

SAQ sample: Inhibitory synapses29 November 2019

The following sample is for the question: Describe one study that demonstrates the role of inhibitory synapses in the study of human behaviour.Remember, this question may not be asked as an ERQ. more

Computers in classrooms?13 April 2021

The following critical thinking activity gets you to think about the research on the use of laptops in the classroom. Is note-taking on laptops negatively influencing student learning?Below are three... more

ERQ marking: Pheromones2 August 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the potential role of pheromones in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each... more

Sample 1: Durability of relationships14 January 2018

The following sample extended essay does not have an official grade. It is an essay that was submitted for the former curriculum which has been heavily rewritten by me in order to demonstrate some of... more

ALP 1.4 Biases in diagnosis16 September 2018

The following lesson looks at different biases that may affect diagnoses. Clinical biases have to do with the expectations of the clinician. This may include cognitive biases, as well as stereotypes.... more

Teaching the ERQ: Enculturation22 December 2018

There is nothing more exciting than teaching students how to write their first IB essay. Ok, maybe that is an exaggeration.I have found that most students come into IB with some sense of how to write... more

Cox and Griggs (1982)27 December 2020

The following study looks at how we try to solve an abstract logic task and a logic task that is similar to one's life experience. The study looks at both System 1 (intuitive) and System 2 (rational)... more

ERQ sample: Genetic similarity15 March 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss how genetic similarities help psychologists in the study of genes and behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. more

ALP 2.4 Prevalence of disorders1 November 2018

One of the great questions of abnormal psychology is why we see an increase or decrease in the level of a disorder. There is also the question why some groups seem to have a higher prevalence of disorder... more

SAQ sample: Neurotransmission 16 December 2017

The following SAQ is a response to the question: Explain the role of one neurotransmitter on one human behavior making use of one study.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy of the... more

Martin and Halverson (1983)15 July 2020

Schema play a key role in how we understand the world around us. Martin and Halverson (1983) wanted to investigate how schema play a role in how children understand and learn about gender roles. more

Investigating animal models27 May 2018

Animal models are often used because we believe that animals exhibit behaviours that are similar to human beings.The following activity is meant for you to explore the question of whether human and animal... more

9. Human relationships4 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

Sample 2: Effects of bilingualism14 April 2021

The following essay looks at the effects of bilingualism on cognitive executive functions. The essay is used with permission.Attached you will find a copy of the EE with annotations. Assessment of the... more