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The individual and the groupfree29 October 2018

Psychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if the social context in which behaviour occurs is taken into account. One assumption of the sociocultural approach is that human... more

Practicing Paper 3free13 January 2018

The following set of practice papers are not official IB papers. As of the creation of this page, there is only one specimen paper available. All of the papers are created here by me, based on examiner... more

Study guide: Brain and behaviour21 December 2018

In order to prepare for exams, it is important to prepare a "tailor-made" study guide. A study guide should reflect your own learning and not just what someone tells you is the "best" research to use... more

Getting started with IAfree20 August 2017

This section of the site is devoted to materials that may be used to organize and assist students in the setting up and carrying out of the internal assessment. The section includes suggestions for experiments... more

SAQ marking: Enculturation19 February 2019

Below you will find three sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of enculturation.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample, there is a predicted grade... more

ERQ sample: Enculturation21 January 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss the enculturation of one behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students may show how social cognitive theory, direct... more

ERQ marking: Reliability of memory4 March 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: To what extent is one cognitive process reliable?For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there is a predicted... more

External Assessmentfree20 August 2017

This section focuses on the external assessment - that is, the exams that are sat either in November or May by your students.This section contains sample marking and marking practice. In addition, it... more

LP 3: Memory and neurotransmission28 March 2018

This lesson focuses on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour - specifically, on memory.In keeping with the rest of the content of this mini unit on the biology of memory, acetylcholine will... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission27 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

ERQ sample: Emotion and memory5 March 2018

The following essay sample is a response to the question: Discuss the effect of emotion in one cognitive process. The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top marks. more

ERQ marking: Localization13 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on localization of function with regard to human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

Approving IAs 1 July 2018

When starting the IA's, it is important for students to go through the process of getting their proposed study approved. This is what happens in the real world of psychology - and as part of our drive... more

ERQ marking: Brain imaging6 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate the use of two techniques used in the study of the brain and behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

ERQ sample: Genetic similarity15 March 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss how genetic similarities help psychologists in the study of genes and behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. more

LP 4: Memory and hormones25 March 2018

A hormone is a chemical that is secreted by glands in the endocrine system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they are released directly into the blood stream. Hormones may act as neurotransmitters and attach... more

SAQ marking: Schema theory20 February 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of schema theory.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample, there is a predicted grade... more

Introduction to IA presentation1 July 2018

The presentation below is a complete overview of the internal assessment requirements. This presentation is a good introduction, but students may find it a bit overwhelming. You may want to use it to... more

ERQ marking: Hormones20 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of hormones in one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

SAQ sample: Agonists30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the role of one agonist with reference to one study. There are two ways to answer this question. Neurotransmitters are endogenous agonists - that is,... more

SAQ marking: Neurotransmission17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one effect of neurotransmission on human behaviour with reference to one study.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks... more

Writing the Analysis4 July 2018

Writing a good analysis is key to writing a good evaluation. If you do not understand the data that you have obtained from your study, this has a significant influence on your ability to evaluate it. more

Paper 1 clarificationsfree14 October 2018

There have been several clarifications given by the IB over the past few months. Many have said that they are difficult to follow. In order to assist, I am organizing these clarifications below, based... more

SAQ marking: Thinking models24 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Describe one model or theory of decision making with reference to one study..For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After... more

SAQ marking: Neuroplasticity17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of neuroplasticity linked to human behaviour. For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample,... more

Bagby and Rector (1992)free15 June 2019

One aspect of the Social Identity Theory is that we tend to show in-group bias - that is, a preference for people in our own group and a bias against those that are not in our group. The following study... more

Statistics revision presentation1 July 2018

This presentation is meant to remind students how to apply statistics for the internal assessment.A helpful site for the calculation of the statistics is Vassarstat. To find the non-parametric tests,... more

LP 2: Brain imaging techniques22 March 2018

The following lesson plan is an introduction to brain imaging techniques - a key way in which psychologists are able to study the brain.Although I will focus on MRIs (structural) and fMRIs (functional)... more

Englich and Mussweiler (2001)8 May 2019

The following study by Englich and Mussweiler is a study of anchoring bias. The researchers wanted to determine the effect of a prosecutor's suggestion for sentencing on the decision-making of a judge. more

SAQ sample: Ethics in biology16 December 2017

The following sample SAQ addresses the question: Describe one ethical consideration related to one research study in the biological approach.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy... more

Writing the Exploration3 July 2018

One of the difficulties of working in groups for the internal assessment is that the exploration section of the internal assessment has very little leeway for creativity. In other words, there are specific... more

Novotny and Polonsky (2011)22 May 2019

Prejudice and discrimination against minority groups has been studied extensively by social psychologists. Allport (1954) argued that prejudice can be reduced if the majority has positive contact experiences... more

Methodology in sociocultural7 April 2017

In sociocultural research, the goal is to see how people interact and influence each other. Various research methods - both qualitative and quantitative - are used to study this behaviour. Quantitative... more

10. Internal assessmentfree3 March 2017

The Internal Assessment asks you to apply your understanding of experimental methods by replicating a published study to see if your results confirm those of the original study.For SL candidates, this... more

DLP 1.1 Brain development18 August 2018

The human brain adapts and develops throughout our lifetime. However, the majority of brain development takes place between birth and adolescence, through myelination, neural pruning in some areas, and... more

ERQ marking: Evolution24 June 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate one evolutionary argument to explain one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

SAQ marking: cultural dimensions24 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Describe one cultural dimension with reference to one relevant study.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each... more

LP 1b: Studying thinking2 April 2018

The following lesson introduces the cognitive processes of "thinking" and "decision making." In addition, it will look at how psychologists study these processes, as well as the inherent limitations of... more

SAQ sample: Neurotransmission 16 December 2017

The following SAQ is a response to the question: Explain the role of one neurotransmitter on one human behavior making use of one study.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy of the... more

9. Human relationshipsfree5 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

SAQ sample: Synaptic pruning30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain synaptic pruning with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.Neuroplasticity is the process by which our brains adapt to changes... more

Food mind-set12 January 2019

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at a quasi-experiment. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give students... more

SAQ sample: Neural networks30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the formation of neural networks with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.The process by which neural networks are formed... more

Sample 1: Durability of relationships14 January 2018

The following sample extended essay does not have an official grade. It is an essay that was submitted for the former curriculum which has been heavily rewritten by me in order to demonstrate some of... more

ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDD1 October 2018

The following lesson looks at biological theories with regard to Major Depressive Disorder. The lesson starts by finding out what students already know and surfacing any misconceptions about the disorder.... more

Writing with critical thinking13 January 2018

One of the problems that students often have is how to include "critical thinking" into their exam essays. It is often clear that students know the strategies - that is, writing MAGEC about research (Methodological... more

Zhou (2014)28 April 2019

Psychologists are interested in finding whether pheromones may play a role in human behaviour. One particular steroid that psychologists are interested in is androstadienone. The follow study looks... more