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The individual and the groupfree29 October 2018

Psychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if the social context in which behaviour occurs is taken into account. One assumption of the sociocultural approach is that human... more

LP 3: Memory and neurotransmission28 March 2018

This lesson focuses on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour - specifically, on memory.In keeping with the rest of the content of this mini unit on the biology of memory, acetylcholine will... more

Practicing Paper 3free13 January 2018

The following set of practice papers are not official IB papers. As of the creation of this page, there is only one specimen paper available. All of the papers are created here by me, based on examiner... more

1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

Getting started with IAfree20 August 2017

This section of the site is devoted to materials that may be used to organize and assist students in the setting up and carrying out of the internal assessment. The section includes suggestions for experiments... more

ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDD1 October 2018

The following lesson looks at biological theories with regard to Major Depressive Disorder. The lesson starts by finding out what students already know and surfacing any misconceptions about the disorder.... more

External Assessmentfree20 August 2017

This section focuses on the external assessment - that is, the exams that are sat either in November or May by your students.This section contains sample marking and marking practice. In addition, it... more

IA Menu 229 September 2019

One of the ways to make it easier for students to choose their IA experiment for replication is to give them a limited menu of choices. By giving them a menu of options, it guarantees that you are familiar... more

LP 1: Intro to memory27 January 2018

This lesson plan is an introduction to the cognitive approach and our first cognitive process to be studied - memory. The following ppt presentation is used to start the lesson. This is an 80-minute... more

Writing the Analysis4 July 2018

Writing a good analysis is key to writing a good evaluation. If you do not understand the data that you have obtained from your study, this has a significant influence on your ability to evaluate it. more

IA marking: Sample 129 June 2018

The sample below is based on Strack and Mussweiler's (1997) study of anchoring bias.The IA below does not include any appendices, with the exception of the raw data which is included below. more

ALP 1.4 Biases in diagnosis16 September 2018

The following lesson looks at different biases that may affect diagnoses. Clinical biases have to do with the expectations of the clinician. This may include cognitive biases, as well as stereotypes.... more

Introduction to IA presentation1 July 2018

The presentation below is a complete overview of the internal assessment requirements. This presentation is a good introduction, but students may find it a bit overwhelming. You may want to use it to... more

Study guide: Brain and behaviour21 December 2018

In order to prepare for exams, it is important to prepare a "tailor-made" study guide. A study guide should reflect your own learning and not just what someone tells you is the "best" research to use... more

Fundamentals of Research Quiz 24 September 2017

The following quiz focuses on the nature of hypotheses, as well as reminds them of the difference between correlational and experimental research. more

Exercise and memory1 September 2019

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at an experimental study.Below you will find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions.A copy of the mock paper is included to give students as... more

Statistics revision presentation1 July 2018

This presentation is meant to remind students how to apply statistics for the internal assessment.A helpful site for the calculation of the statistics is Vassarstat. To find the non-parametric tests,... more

ERQ marking: Localization12 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on localization of function with regard to human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

Cakes of deception28 August 2019

The following assignment is something that I give to my students for homework, but this could also be done as an in-class exercise. This is part of our discussion of strengths and limitations of experiments.... more

ALP 2.2 Cognitive etiology of MDD6 October 2018

The following lesson plan looks at explanations of Major Depressive Disorder in the cognitive approach. The lesson focuses on two arguments: negative schemas and rumination. Students should be able to... more

Methodology in sociocultural7 April 2017

In sociocultural research, the goal is to see how people interact and influence each other. Various research methods - both qualitative and quantitative - are used to study this behaviour. Quantitative... more

Sia vs silencefree4 October 2019

The following activity is an assessment I do at the end of my research methods unit. It is a first attempt at something that begins to feel like an internal assessment. Students carry out an experiment... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

SAQ sample: Agonists30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the role of one agonist with reference to one study. There are two ways to answer this question. Neurotransmitters are endogenous agonists - that is,... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission26 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

Sample 1: Durability of relationships14 January 2018

The following sample extended essay does not have an official grade. It is an essay that was submitted for the former curriculum which has been heavily rewritten by me in order to demonstrate some of... more

Writing the Exploration3 July 2018

One of the difficulties of working in groups for the internal assessment is that the exploration section of the internal assessment has very little leeway for creativity. In other words, there are specific... more

ERQ: Classification systems8 September 2018

The following sample is a response to the question: Evaluate the use of classification systems in the diagnosis of abnormal behaviour.The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should... more

DLP 1.1 Brain development18 August 2018

The human brain adapts and develops throughout our lifetime. However, the majority of brain development takes place between birth and adolescence, through myelination, neural pruning in some areas, and... more

SAQ marking: Neurotransmission17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one effect of neurotransmission on human behaviour with reference to one study.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks... more

Assessing the EE17 June 2018

The following presentation is a tutorial for teachers on how the Extended Essay is assessed. It is particularly important to familiarize yourself with the rules for academic dishonesty as this can have... more

10. Internal assessmentfree3 March 2017

The Internal Assessment asks you to apply your understanding of experimental methods by replicating a published study to see if your results confirm those of the original study.For SL candidates, this... more

Approving IAs 1 July 2018

When starting the IA's, it is important for students to go through the process of getting their proposed study approved. This is what happens in the real world of psychology - and as part of our drive... more

IA practice test9 September 2019

The following in-class assessment is a way in which I get students to practice for their internal assessment. I give this assessment when we have finished studying the Working Memory Model.Our students... more

ATL planner: Diagnosis23 June 2019

The following unit planner is based on the lesson plans that are in the curriculum resources section of the site. This is a model unit planner to help you adapt your own unit plans in order to meet IB... more

SAQ sample: Neural networks30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the formation of neural networks with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.The process by which neural networks are formed... more

DLP 1.2 Individual cognitive dvpt26 August 2018

We finished the last lesson with the thought that although it is difficult to determine how much of children’s behaviour and cognition is directly correlated with their brain development, it is clear... more

Writing the Evaluation4 July 2018

One of the reasons that many internal assessments are moderated down is because of the quality of the evaluation. The goal of this page is to give advice on how to improve this part of the report. more

ERQ: Concepts of normality8 September 2018

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss concepts of normality and abnormality. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments or theories. This is a rather open question, asking... more

IA marking: Sample 28 August 2019

The sample below is based on Baddeley, Thomson & Buchanan's (1975) study of word length effect.The sample is based on a student's work, but is heavily edited and changes have been made to illustrate different... more

ERQ marking: Brain imaging5 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate the use of two techniques used in the study of the brain and behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

SAQ marking: Neuroplasticity17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of neuroplasticity linked to human behaviour. For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample,... more

9. Human relationshipsfree4 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

SAQ sample: Synaptic pruning30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain synaptic pruning with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.Neuroplasticity is the process by which our brains adapt to changes... more

SAQ marking: Brain imaging17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain the use of one technique for studying the role of the brain in behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 -... more

Paper 1 clarificationsfree14 October 2018

There have been several clarifications given by the IB over the past few months. Many have said that they are difficult to follow. In order to assist, I am organizing these clarifications below, based... more

Writing with critical thinking13 January 2018

One of the problems that students often have is how to include "critical thinking" into their exam essays. It is often clear that students know the strategies - that is, writing MAGEC about research (Methodological... more

ERQ: Validity and reliability9 September 2018

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss the validity and reliability of diagnosis. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students need to demonstrate a clear understanding... more

SAQ sample: Antagonists30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain the role of one antagonist with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.An antagonist is any substance that fits into a receptor... more