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The individual and the groupfree29 October 2018

Psychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if the social context in which behaviour occurs is taken into account. One assumption of the sociocultural approach is that human... more

Practicing Paper 3free13 January 2018

The following set of practice papers are not official IB papers. As of the creation of this page, there is only one specimen paper available. All of the papers are created here by me, based on examiner... more

Study guide: Brain and behaviour21 December 2018

In order to prepare for exams, it is important to prepare a "tailor-made" study guide. A study guide should reflect your own learning and not just what someone tells you is the "best" research to use... more

External Assessmentfree20 August 2017

This section focuses on the external assessment - that is, the exams that are sat either in November or May by your students.This section contains sample marking and marking practice. In addition, it... more

Getting started with IAfree20 August 2017

This section of the site is devoted to materials that may be used to organize and assist students in the setting up and carrying out of the internal assessment. The section includes suggestions for experiments... more

ERQ marking: Reliability of memory4 March 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: To what extent is one cognitive process reliable?For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there is a predicted... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDD1 October 2018

The following lesson looks at biological theories with regard to Major Depressive Disorder. The lesson starts by finding out what students already know and surfacing any misconceptions about the disorder.... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

Food mind-set12 January 2019

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at a quasi-experiment. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give students... more

LP 4: Schema theory 5 February 2018

The following lesson introduces the Schema theory - its strengths and limitations. It is also a precursor to the lessons on reconstructive memory and the reliability of cognitive processes. This lesson... more

ALP 1.4 Biases in diagnosis16 September 2018

The following lesson looks at different biases that may affect diagnoses. Clinical biases have to do with the expectations of the clinician. This may include cognitive biases, as well as stereotypes.... more

LP 3: Memory and neurotransmission28 March 2018

This lesson focuses on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour - specifically, on memory.In keeping with the rest of the content of this mini unit on the biology of memory, acetylcholine will... more

ERQ sample: Emotion and memory5 March 2018

The following essay sample is a response to the question: Discuss the effect of emotion in one cognitive process. The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top marks. more

Presentation: Avoiding bias12 March 2019

The following presentation is a revision in preparation for one of the three questions that may asked on Paper 3 for the "mini-essay." Discuss how the researcher could avoid bias in this study. more

Methodology in sociocultural7 April 2017

In sociocultural research, the goal is to see how people interact and influence each other. Various research methods - both qualitative and quantitative - are used to study this behaviour. Quantitative... more

Paper 1 clarificationsfree14 October 2018

There have been several clarifications given by the IB over the past few months. Many have said that they are difficult to follow. In order to assist, I am organizing these clarifications below, based... more

LP 1b: Studying thinking2 April 2018

The following lesson introduces the cognitive processes of "thinking" and "decision making." In addition, it will look at how psychologists study these processes, as well as the inherent limitations of... more

1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

SAQ marking: Thinking models24 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Describe one model or theory of decision making with reference to one study..For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After... more

ERQ sample: Genetic similarity15 March 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss how genetic similarities help psychologists in the study of genes and behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. more

Determinants of health30 July 2017

One's approach to health and well being is the result of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors.One's beliefs about health have a direct influence on health behaviours.A combination of risk... more

ALP 2.2 Cognitive etiology of MDD6 October 2018

The following lesson plan looks at explanations of Major Depressive Disorder in the cognitive approach. The lesson focuses on two arguments: negative schemas and rumination. Students should be able to... more

Play at McDonald's 8 August 2018

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at a naturalistic observation. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give... more

SAQ marking: Schema theory20 February 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of schema theory.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample, there is a predicted grade... more

Learning to use condoms10 February 2019

The following Paper 3 looks at the role of social cognitive theory in the promotion of condom use. The study is an experimental design that makes use of questionnaires to collect data. You will find... more

ERQ marking: Brain imaging6 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate the use of two techniques used in the study of the brain and behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

C. Exploration3 March 2017

This section of the report is where you describe how your experiment was designed and carried out. You are asked to demonstrate your understanding of the experiment as a quantitative methodology. more

9. Human relationshipsfree5 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

LP 4: Memory and hormones25 March 2018

A hormone is a chemical that is secreted by glands in the endocrine system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they are released directly into the blood stream. Hormones may act as neurotransmitters and attach... more

Presentation: Ensuring credibility12 March 2019

The following presentation is a revision in preparation for one of the three questions that may asked on Paper 3 for the "mini-essay." Discuss how a researcher could ensure credibility in this study. more

PTSD in Lebanese children7 August 2018

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at a case study. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give students as... more

ALP 1.5 Ethics in diagnosis24 September 2018

The following lesson plan looks at ethical considerations in "factors that influence diagnosis." There are two potential questions that may be asked. One focuses on ethics in research. The other focuses... more

Self-efficacy and pedometers4 January 2019

The following Paper 3 looks at the role of self-efficacy in health behaviour related to aerobic exercise in teenage girls. The study was an experiment. You will find sample responses at the end of the... more

ERQ marking: Hormones20 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of hormones in one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

Moms and childhood obesity17 December 2018

The following Paper 3 looks at the role of mothers in a child's eating and exercise behaviour. It is a study that focuses on childhood obesity. It is also a case study. You will find sample responses... more

LP 7: The evolution of attraction14 May 2018

The following lesson is on the evolution of attraction. It starts with an overview of evolutionary theory and then looks at two key studies of the role of biology in attraction.The lesson finishes with... more

ERQ sample: Sociocultural and attraction16 March 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss a sociocultural approach to personal relationships. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments.The sample response is an example... more

LP 1: Intro to memory27 January 2018

This lesson plan is an introduction to the cognitive approach and our first cognitive process to be studied - memory. The following ppt presentation is used to start the lesson. This is an 80-minute... more

SAQ sample: Synaptic pruning30 March 2019

The following sample is for the question: Explain synaptic pruning with reference to one study. The sample below is an exemplary response.Neuroplasticity is the process by which our brains adapt to changes... more

Presentation: Generalizability13 March 2019

The following presentation is a revision in preparation for one of the three questions that may asked on Paper 3 for the "mini-essay." Discuss the possibility of generalizing the findings of this study. more

ERQ sample: Enculturation21 January 2019

The following sample is a response to the question: Discuss the enculturation of one behaviour. Discuss asks students to consider a range of arguments. Students may show how social cognitive theory, direct... more

ALP 2.4 Prevalence of disorders1 November 2018

One of the great questions of abnormal psychology is why we see an increase or decrease in the level of a disorder. There is also the question why some groups seem to have a higher prevalence of disorder... more

You're from Brixton?24 February 2019

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at focus groups. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions.A copy of the mock paper is included to give students as an... more

Writing the Analysis4 July 2018

Writing a good analysis is key to writing a good evaluation. If you do not understand the data that you have obtained from your study, this has a significant influence on your ability to evaluate it. more

IA marking: Sample 129 June 2018

The sample below is based on Strack and Mussweiler's (1997) study of anchoring bias.The IA below does not include any appendices, with the exception of the raw data which is included below. more

LP 2: Brain imaging techniques22 March 2018

The following lesson plan is an introduction to brain imaging techniques - a key way in which psychologists are able to study the brain.Although I will focus on MRIs (structural) and fMRIs (functional)... more

SAQ sample: Ethics in biology16 December 2017

The following sample SAQ addresses the question: Describe one ethical consideration related to one research study in the biological approach.The sample below is an exemplary response.An annotated copy... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission27 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

Approving IAs 1 July 2018

When starting the IA's, it is important for students to go through the process of getting their proposed study approved. This is what happens in the real world of psychology - and as part of our drive... more