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The individual and the groupfree29 October 2018

Psychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if the social context in which behaviour occurs is taken into account. One assumption of the sociocultural approach is that human... more

Getting started with IAfree20 August 2017

This section of the site is devoted to materials that may be used to organize and assist students in the setting up and carrying out of the internal assessment. The section includes suggestions for experiments... more

Practicing Paper 3free13 January 2018

The following set of practice papers are not official IB papers. As of the creation of this page, there is only one specimen paper available. All of the papers are created here by me, based on examiner... more

LP 4: Schema theory 5 February 2018

The following lesson introduces the Schema theory - its strengths and limitations. It is also a precursor to the lessons on reconstructive memory and the reliability of cognitive processes. This lesson... more

LP 3: The working memory model7 February 2018

The following lesson introduces the Working Memory Model. In addition to learning about the model, we explore what is meant by multi-tasking. This lesson takes two to three 80-minute periods.For this... more

LP 7: The evolution of attraction14 May 2018

The following lesson is on the evolution of attraction. It starts with an overview of evolutionary theory and then looks at two key studies of the role of biology in attraction.The lesson finishes with... more

LP 1: Intro to memory27 January 2018

This lesson plan is an introduction to the cognitive approach and our first cognitive process to be studied - memory. The following ppt presentation is used to start the lesson. This is an 80-minute... more

LP 4: Memory and hormones25 March 2018

A hormone is a chemical that is secreted by glands in the endocrine system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they are released directly into the blood stream. Hormones may act as neurotransmitters and attach... more

LP 6: Effect of emotion on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan examines the role of emotion on memory. The theory that will be discussed is Flashbulb Memory.This part of the unit will introduce some of the biological concepts that will be discussed... more

ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDD1 October 2018

The following lesson looks at biological theories with regard to Major Depressive Disorder. The lesson starts by finding out what students already know and surfacing any misconceptions about the disorder.... more

External Assessmentfree20 August 2017

This section focuses on the external assessment - that is, the exams that are sat either in November or May by your students.This section contains sample marking and marking practice. In addition, it... more

LP 3: Memory and neurotransmission28 March 2018

This lesson focuses on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour - specifically, on memory.In keeping with the rest of the content of this mini unit on the biology of memory, acetylcholine will... more

FAQs for Internal Assessment13 January 2018

The following page provides answers to commonly asked questions about the internal assessment. As more questions arise in the new curriculum, more questions and answers may be added to this page. more

LP 10: Animal models (HL)27 May 2018

This final lesson for the first year of the course looks at the question of animal models and our ability to generalize from animal research.As part of this lesson, we review research on the brain and... more

ALP 1.3 Validity and reliability 9 September 2018

Reliability and validity are two very important factors when discussing the process of diagnosis. It is important that we have a clear definition of each term.When preparing this learning objective for... more

ERQ marking: Neurotransmission27 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

Determinants of health30 July 2017

One's approach to health and well being is the result of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors.One's beliefs about health have a direct influence on health behaviours.A combination of risk... more

Writing the Analysis4 July 2018

Writing a good analysis is key to writing a good evaluation. If you do not understand the data that you have obtained from your study, this has a significant influence on your ability to evaluate it. more

Introduction to IA presentation1 July 2018

The presentation below is a complete overview of the internal assessment requirements. This presentation is a good introduction, but students may find it a bit overwhelming. You may want to use it to... more

LP 1b: Studying thinking2 April 2018

The following lesson introduces the cognitive processes of "thinking" and "decision making." In addition, it will look at how psychologists study these processes, as well as the inherent limitations of... more

Writing the Exploration3 July 2018

One of the difficulties of working in groups for the internal assessment is that the exploration section of the internal assessment has very little leeway for creativity. In other words, there are specific... more

A focus group on the use of ecstasy13 January 2018

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at focus groups. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give students as... more

ERQ: Biological etiology of MDD10 October 2018

The following sample is a response to the question: Evaluate one biological aetiology of one disorder. Evaluate asks students to consider both the strengths and the limitations of an argument.The sample... more

ERQ marking: Brain imaging6 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate the use of two techniques used in the study of the brain and behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

LP 2b: The Dual Processing model7 April 2018

The following lesson plan looks at the Dual Processing Theory of thinking and decision making. There are several short activities used in this lesson which are all based on Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking... more

Kendler et al (2006)11 November 2018

Kendler et al (2006) carried out a study to determine the role that genetics plays in major depressive disorder. You can use this study for the following content in the biological approach:Research methods... more

LP 2: Brain imaging techniques22 March 2018

The following lesson plan is an introduction to brain imaging techniques - a key way in which psychologists are able to study the brain.Although I will focus on MRIs (structural) and fMRIs (functional)... more

Statistics revision presentation1 July 2018

This presentation is meant to remind students how to apply statistics for the internal assessment.A helpful site for the calculation of the statistics is Vassarstat. To find the non-parametric tests,... more

LP 7: Cultural factors on memory 19 February 2018

This lesson plan is for the influence of culture on cognition. This is actually part of the sociocultural approach, but since it is best for students to have an understanding of memory before doing the... more

9. Human relationshipsfree5 May 2017

This chapter looks at interpersonal relationships as well as how we either help one another or enter into conflict with one another. Reasons for helping behaviour, prejudice and conflict are explored... more

ALP 2.2 Cognitive etiology of MDD6 October 2018

The following lesson plan looks at explanations of Major Depressive Disorder in the cognitive approach. The lesson focuses on two arguments: negative schemas and rumination. Students should be able to... more

ERQ marking: Bio methods24 June 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate two research methods used in the biological approach.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there... more

ERQ marking: Hormones20 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on the role of hormones in one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

ERQ marking: Localization13 July 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate research on localization of function with regard to human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After... more

ALP 1.4 Biases in diagnosis16 September 2018

The following lesson looks at different biases that may affect diagnoses. Clinical biases have to do with the expectations of the clinician. This may include cognitive biases, as well as stereotypes.... more

LP 6: Introducing love5 May 2018

The following mini-unit on "love" is the second half of the biological unit. I will complete the "interpersonal attraction" unit in the second year of the course, but this will introduce the biological... more

ALP 1.5 Ethics in diagnosis24 September 2018

The following lesson plan looks at ethical considerations in "factors that influence diagnosis." There are two potential questions that may be asked. One focuses on ethics in research. The other focuses... more

ERQ marking: Reliability of memory4 March 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: To what extent is one cognitive process reliable?For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample, there is a predicted... more

Approving IAs 1 July 2018

When starting the IA's, it is important for students to go through the process of getting their proposed study approved. This is what happens in the real world of psychology - and as part of our drive... more

1. Research in psychologyfree30 April 2017

This chapter looks at the fundamentals of psychology. What is psychology and how do psychologists do their job? The focus of this chapter is on research methods.It is important to understand research... more

ERQ marking: Evolution24 June 2018

Below you will find three sample ERQs for the question: Evaluate one evolutionary argument to explain one human behaviour.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks. After each sample,... more

10. Internal assessmentfree3 March 2017

The Internal Assessment asks you to apply your understanding of experimental methods by replicating a published study to see if your results confirm those of the original study.For SL candidates, this... more

DLP 1.1 Brain development18 August 2018

The human brain adapts and develops throughout our lifetime. However, the majority of brain development takes place between birth and adolescence, through myelination, neural pruning in some areas, and... more

IA marking: Sample 129 June 2018

The sample below is based on Strack and Mussweiler's (1997) study of anchoring bias.The IA below does not include any appendices, with the exception of the raw data which is included below. more

Aggression in hockey players8 August 2018

The following is a sample Paper 3 that looks at a naturalistic observation. Below you will first find the stimulus piece, followed by the static questions. A copy of the mock paper is included to give... more

SAQ marking: Neuroplasticity17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of neuroplasticity linked to human behaviour. For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample,... more

SAQ marking: Schema theory20 February 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one study of schema theory.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks 1 - 9. After each sample, there is a predicted grade... more

SAQ marking: Neurotransmission17 June 2018

Below you will find four sample SAQs for the question: Explain one effect of neurotransmission on human behaviour with reference to one study.For each of the samples, refer to the rubric to award marks... more

Writing the Evaluation4 July 2018

One of the reasons that many internal assessments are moderated down is because of the quality of the evaluation. The goal of this page is to give advice on how to improve this part of the report. more

ERQ sample: Emotion and memory5 March 2018

The following essay sample is a response to the question: Discuss the effect of emotion in one cognitive process. The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top marks. more