ERQ sample: Memory models

IB Psychology: ERQ sample: Memory models

The following essay sample is a response to the question: Contrast two models of memory with reference to research studies.. The sample response is an example of an exemplary response that should receive top marks.Comments about the essay are included below.A clear outline of two models of memory.Research is used to support the models. The research does not need to be outlined in a lot of detail, but an understanding...

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Comments 8

Zheng Li 1 January 2018 - 04:15

Hi John,

It is amazing that you mention "Schema theory is a model of memory". When I see the question, what I would think of are Multi-store model and working memory model. I wonder is that okay to use schema theory as a model of memory? I would take it as a model that could explain the reconstructive of memory (as well as other phenomenon) but not a model of memory.

John Crane 1 January 2018 - 19:49

I have checked and students may use schema theory as a model of memory. Schema theory does explain encoding and retrieval, so in that way, it serves as a model. It does not explain storage as clearly as the MSM, but it does address distortion in a way that neither the WMM or the MSM actually do.

KIS International School 17 January 2018 - 06:27

Does this mean we can use schema theory and MMS as the two models of memory? In this way we don't need to teach WMM? Many thanks. Ana

KIS International School 17 January 2018 - 06:27


John Crane 17 January 2018 - 19:39

Dear Ana

As I wrote in response to your question on another page, we are waiting for a clarification from the IB. I have been told that this is ok, but the latest "announcement" on IB Answers has put this into doubt. I will post when we know the answer.

KIS International School 18 January 2018 - 02:08

Dear John,

Many thanks for your help. I understand ... we have to wait and see.


Barbara Adachi 21 January 2018 - 21:34

Did I hear or see somewhere that we have to teach Baddeley and Hitch and not Levels of Processing? I know MSM is still in, but is LoP out?

John Crane 22 January 2018 - 04:48

Dear Barbara

Please read the thread above. My comments to KIS International are still true as of this morning.

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