Part 2, Process Portfolio

The Journey

The Process Portfolio, or PP, is 40 % of the final mark and it is the testimony of the student's artistic journey during the course. It is not intended to be of polished, refined, or even resolved work; final work is presented for the Exhibition component of the course. The PP is a collection of carefully selected materials which document the students experimentation, exploration, manipulation and development of a variety of visual arts activities during the two-year course.

For final submission and uploading info go to E submission Process Portfolio

What does the PP contain?

Pages from the Visual Journal can be included in the PP as well as from other sketchbooks, notebooks, loose drawings, folios documenting the development of both resolved and unresolved works. The Visual Journal itself is not assessed but it is key in providing the bulk of raw material when compiling the screens for the PP.

The PP doesn't have a set format, It is presented for assessment on screen but it can be compiled from various sketchbooks and other sources. Some students will create their PP entirely on screen, others will scan journal pages and most will do a combination of both. For more on this topic go to Process Portfolio Format

Examples of student Portfolios

Visit the student gallery pages for really interesting student examples in the  Process Portfolio Gallery

Art Making Forms

There is a requirement that encourages students to work across a range of media in the PP, however, this is not a particularly wide range and most teachers already include exposure to at least this many different media and techniques. The art making forms table breaks art forms into 3 main categories of 2D forms, 3D forms and lens based or electronic media. Go to Art Making Forms Table

SL students should work with at least two art-making forms from separate columns of the table.
HL students with at least three art-making forms, selected from a minimum of two columns of the table.

So for example if a HL student has worked with clay, printmaking and painting, she has already met the distribution requirements. Go to the page on Art Making Forms table for many more ideas to add on to this basic table.

Double dipping is now allowed!!

News: Work that appears in the Exhibition may now be included in the PP, clearly labelled as resolved work.

students can and should include developmental stages of work and various related experiments, including "failures", and now the IB is allowing the final stages of the work to be included in the PP screens submitted if desired.

On page 47 of the Visual Arts Guide (for first examinations 2017) under Submitting assessment work, the regulation regarding “double‐dipping” between the exhibition and process portfolio component has been revised, permitting the use of images of resolved work from the exhibition in the process portfolio as long as they are identified as such with an appropriate annotation or label, i,.e  Make sure the work is labelled "resolved work"!


How much work?

Students submit a given number of screens rather than pages. There is no set specification as to how many words etc. A balance of visual and written content is desirable.

SL students submit 9–18 screens
HL students submit 13–25 screens

The assessment criteria for the PP include 5 criteria as shown in the table below. For more detailed discussion of each criteria go to PP Assessment Criteria

Truly a Process

This is good news for artists and teachers, the emphasis in the PP is on art making, hooray! The introduction of part 1, Comparative Study takes on the the function of the main academic exercise in critical analysis and leaves more room for open and unstructured visual experimentation in the PP.

A difference between the PP and the IWB is the significant increase in weight that is given to skills, techniques, and processes.
Criteria C and D also include an emphasis on visual forms of communication which is in line with the objectives of the curatorial rationale (part 3).

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Comments 26

Jack Zhou 25 October 2016 - 05:04

Hi Heather, some of my students will add a transcript page after handwriting on journal.So are these pure trancript pages included in the required number?

Heather McReynolds 25 October 2016 - 13:42

Hi jack, can they not add transcript in margin of screen, to the side of the scanned journal page? see

Jack Zhou 26 October 2016 - 03:18

Thanks Heather!I will suggest them to add transcript to the side. But some of students do had a lot of words on one page in the journal,therefore they have to add anther screen. So does the trancript screen count as required number (9-18sl 13-25hl)of the assesment?

Heather McReynolds 26 October 2016 - 14:05

I suggest they write a summary instead of word for word transcript, this should solve the problem since one can never be sure what examiners will count or not count..

Jack Zhou 7 November 2016 - 01:39

OK Thank you so much!

tony nicolas 8 November 2016 - 08:38

hello Heather,
My students are wondering if they should experiment in different forms with only one specific figure (for example: an apple) or whether it has to be different figures such as human bodies, landscapes, fruits, etc. within the different forms.

Heather McReynolds 8 November 2016 - 13:43

Hi Tony, thats entirely up to them, no preference!

Melinda Mackenzie 9 December 2016 - 06:45

Hi Heather, Can students use the same artist in both their PP and CS?

Heather McReynolds 9 December 2016 - 17:54

Hi Melinda and Carrie, the point to consider here as that the material submitted for Cs and PP is different, but that doesnt exclude that an artist whose work is examined in the CS may also appear in the PP, in a different form and with different content! I hope this is clear.
a reflection on

Tabatha Waller 28 February 2017 - 13:53

Can you please tell me if my students can reuse their own images/visuals and own artwork and own process documenting in both the Comparative Study and the Process Portfolio? I was told that if a student put their own artwork (or artists investigation) into the Comparative Study that they could no longer put that same artwork into their Process Portfolio pages. However, I have been looking at the examples on the OCC and the same things that a student put into their Comparative Study (OCC Example 4) are the same things they also put into their Process Pages (OCC Example 8). Can I please get some clarification on this?

For instance, the OCC student example 4 for the CS uses the artists Tina Sherwell and her artwork. Then the same student uses Tina Sherwell and the same images in her PP for the example 8 given by the OCC. In these OCC examples, the student also shows the same student artwork in both the CS and PP, all revolving around the same theme.

In the same OCC examples, this same student uses her own artwork “The tighter the Tension the Greater the Reliese” in both the CS and PP and talks about "tension" in both.

Lately, the same student investigates Jenny Saville and her artwork “Strategy” in both her CS and her PP. There is double dipping all over the place.

Heather McReynolds 1 March 2017 - 19:45

Hi Tabatha, I dont see a problem with this, as long as the actual screens have differing content some overlap between artists and artworks is natural and makes sense.

Carrie Carr 9 December 2016 - 09:01

Hello, I would like to know the same as Melinda,

Tiffany Davis 14 February 2017 - 01:16

Hi Heather, I teach only photography to my SL IB students. If my students print photographs on 3-D materials such as wood, would that count as working with at least two art-making forms from separate columns of the table?

Heather McReynolds 14 February 2017 - 16:01

Hi Tiffany, the point is to encourage students to experiment with a range of media and techniques, and altho a thick wood support may make it more of a 3D piece, it would be beneficial to try different techniques too. Could the students then carve into the wood as well?

Tiffany Davis 17 February 2017 - 19:46

Thanks for replying Heather. I'm not sure well how carving would work, what about adding color (painting) to the image on the wood? Any other ideas to have photo students explore in other mediums? Also, do you recommend a certain amount of PP slides that show exploration of other art mediums? Is there a minimum?

Heather McReynolds 19 February 2017 - 19:35

yes, for minimum refer to art making forms table
Im sure if you experiment you will discover other ways of reworking the photos in other media

Renante Sison 23 February 2017 - 06:59

Hi Heather, I need clarification on this please. HL students submit 13-25 screens/pages - the submitted work must have been created in at least three art-making forms, selected from a minimum of two columns of the art-making table.

Heather McReynolds 23 February 2017 - 16:58

Hi Renante, the art making forms requirements are clearly explained on this page

Renante Sison 28 February 2017 - 01:31

Thanks! I found it! Just for clarification as well. Is double-dipping allowed now for the 2017 Assessment?

Heather McReynolds 1 March 2017 - 19:42

yes Renante, this is now allowed ;)

Anthony Moroz 13 March 2017 - 22:20

Hello Heather. So students citing their own work can simply write "My Work" or their name. I have read that their own work should follow the same formula as citing artists pieces.

Heather McReynolds 14 March 2017 - 13:01

"my own work" is a sufficient label, but work should obviously be discussed in terms of techniques , media , influences in the general text

Art Aloha 27 March 2017 - 13:43

Hi Heather
We´re a little confused over the Double Dipping rule change! The Visual Art Guide that now says its arrived was emailed to our school (or a notice about it anyway) saying that it was to come into use in May 2017. We were thinking that it probably only applies to new students coming in then, and not our current year 13s who are being assessed in April 2017. Any help would be much appreciated! Thanks x

Heather McReynolds 27 March 2017 - 19:10

I know these rule changes are quite confusing at times- "double dipping" is acceptable even for this May 2017- but do read the guidlines about labelling work ;)

Kika Coles 31 March 2017 - 08:58

Hi Heather! I hope you are well. Just a question.... will an introductory slide and a list of sources slide count as 2/25? Thanks :)

Heather McReynolds 31 March 2017 - 17:11

Hi Kika, thank you! I am hoping that examiners wont count the intro or the list of sources if there are sufficient other screens ;)

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