Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
- Enquiry Question
- Starter Activity_Places and Processes_Internal Migration in Nigeria
- Student Activity_Places and Processes_The Floods of 2012
- Student Activity_Places and Processes_Environmental Causes of Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
- Student Activity _Places, Processes and Power_Political Causes of Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
- Student Activity_Places, Processes and Power_Civil Conflicts and Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
This page develops resources that look at the causes and consequences of forced internal migration in Nigeria, developing a detailed example of environmental and political push factors. Students look at the many environmental factors drawing on existing knowledge of land degradation and climate stress and focus in more depth through a mapping activity on the consequences of the 2012 flood, which led to over 2 million displaced people. Students then go on to look at the geo-political causes of migration through civil conflict and mind map the impacts of such displacement on both people and place.
Why are Nigerians forced to migrate internally and what are the consequences for people and place?
Lesson Time: 1 Hour
- To understand the causes and consequences of forced internal migration in Nigeria to include environmental and political push factors, and consequences for people and places.
Study the map below which shows net lifetime migration by geopolitical zone of origin and current zone of residence in Nigeria.
1. Describe the pattern and extent of internal migration in Nigeria
2. What factors do you think explain the pattern?
Source: International Organization for Migration
2. Study the following map and annotate your own version to describe the main regions of internal migration
Source: data derived from Migration in Nigeria: A Country Profile (IOM)
Using the following PDF to produce a map to show the extent of impacts of the 2012 floods on both people and places within Nigeria
Read the following text from Migration in Nigeria: A Country Profile (IOM) and add to your notes on the environmental causes of forced internal migration.
Involuntary or forced migration has become a major concern in Nigeria as a consequence of climate change, civil strife and insecurity in the country. Land degradation, erosion and desertification as a result of climate change, population pressure and land misuse have driven people out of their normal places of abode to other locations where they start life all over again. A very unusual kind of forced migration happened in Nigeria in 2012 occasioned by the massive flooding that affected many states in the country and displaced millions of people. Data collected by the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) indicate that nationwide 2,157,419 people were displaced by the flooding that affected 256 LGAs (one third of the total number of LGAs) and 3,870 communities in the country. The flood displacement was more severe in five states, namely Anambra, Kogi, Bayelsa, Rivers and Niger (Table 21). In addition to the large number of people who were displaced, millions more were affected by the flood (7,705,398), and nearly 600,000 homes were destroyed or damaged, especially in Bayelsa and Kogi states.
Student Activity _Places, Processes and Power_Political Causes of Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
The following image of 200 abducted school girls was released by the insurgency group Boko Horam in April 2014. Boko Horam are active mainly in the north-eastern zone of Nigeria.
Discuss the geopoltical conditions in Nigeria that you think make such atrocious acts possible and what impact do you think it has on internal migration
Follow this up by watching the following video introducing the challenge of Nigeria
Student Activity_Places, Processes and Power_Civil Conflicts and Forced Internal Migration in Nigeria
Read the following text and answer the questions and discussion points