Unit 6 - Global Risks and Resilience

Unit 6 - Global Risks and Resilience

This online book is to be used to support students following Unit 6 of the HL core. It includes content and guidance in line with the syllabus on Global Risks and Resilience, as well as assessment support linked to ATL development. It develops, fully researched place examples and case studies. The book also includes a wide range of interactive features, including embedded animations, graphs and maps as well as smart quizzes and written assignments linked to markbook.

Chapter 7a - Technology Threats

Cyber crime is on the increase and it poses a significant threat to governments, businesses and individuals. The WannaCry ransomware attack of 2017 may have cost the global economy billions. It temporarily...

Chapter 7b - Threats to Global Supply Chains

There are many threats that can impact the global supply chain. The most important are physical threats. Natural disasters such as the Japan earthquake in 2011 and the Covid-19 pandemic are developed...

Chapter 7c - Profit Repatriation and Tax Avoidance

Sovereign states experience threats from multinationals that exploit tax loops through their complex network of subsidiaries to move profits out of reach. This costs governments and restricts their revenue....

Chapter 7d - Disruptive Technologies

Technology is accelerating innovation across many industry sectors. Sometimes innovations advance efficiencies and increase profit. Other innovations are highly disruptive to traditional business models....

Chapter 7e - Globalisation and Renewed Nationalism

Globalisation brings many benefits to nation states but these are not always equal. The challenges and perceived threats of globalisation can lead to strong reactions through increased nationalism. A...

Chapter 8a - Transboudary Pollution - Plastic

Plastic waste has reached crisis point, with huge quantities of plastic waste around the world just discarded. Vast floating islands of plastic, called gyres can be found in five ocean locations. The...

Chapter 8b - Localised Pollution from Global Flows

Global flows in materials, commodities and people cause localised pollution. Rather than reducing pollution and despite increased regulations, shipping freight and cruise ships are increasing their emissions...

Chapter 8c - Global Flows and Carbon Footprints

The global flows of food, goods and people are big contributors to global carbon emissions and are set to increase due to more complex supply chains and business models.textIn an analysis conducted by...

Chapter 8d - The Global Shift and Pollution

The global shift has seen heavy industry and manufacturing move from developed countries to NICs and with it, its pollution. With poor environmental regulation, emerging economies have failed to control...

Chapter 8e - Environmental Issues with Global Food Systems

Agribusiness with its intensive farming systems, including widespread application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, monocultures, plantations and livestock farmed at industrial scales, has had huge...

Chapter 9a - Civil Society Campaigns

Civil society represents a broad range of actors and issues but they are connected across local and global networks. This page explores the Arctic campaign led by Greenpeace International and its regional...

Chapter 9b - Reshoring Economic Activity

There are various types of reshoring of industries and the motivations are based on changing market conditions and global threats. Reshoring has increased in recent years based on higher costs of labour...

Chapter 9c - Crowd-sourcing Technologies

Crowdsourcing can be used to increase resource capacity and adaptive capacity in communities to improve resilience to shocks. Governments and civil society are making use if these technologies to access...

Chapter 9d - Cybersecurity and E-passports

Technologies are increasingly important for security and management of global flows in data and people. This page illustrates how resilience for individuals, organisations and governments can be improved...

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