4.3 Covalent structures (1)

IB Chemistry: 4.3 Covalent structures (1)

This is the first part of sub-topic 4.3 Covalent structures. It includes Lewis structures, the "octet rule, resonance hybrids and giant covalent structures. I have not included VSEPR theory to determine the shapes of simple molecules and ions on this page. Since the underlying theory is the same for 2, 3, 4 and 5 and 6 electrons pairs around the central atom I have prepared a separate page on VSEPR theory as 5 and 6...

To access the entire contents of this site, you need to log in or subscribe to it.

You can also request a Free trial or check the blog (which is also free)

All materials on this website are for the exclusive use of teachers and students at subscribing schools for the period of their subscription. Any unauthorised copying or posting of materials on other websites is an infringement of our copyright and could result in your account being blocked and legal action being taken against you.