Factors affecting the rate of nucleophilic substitution reactions

IB Chemistry: Factors affecting the rate of nucleophilic substitution reactions

This page explains how the nature of the halogen, whether the halogenoalkane is primary, secondary or tertiary and the choice of solvent can all affect the rate of substitution reactions of halogenoalkanes with nucleophiles such as the hydroxide ion. It reinforces chemistry given elsewhere on the site but in particular looks in detail at why protic polar solvents are preferred for SN1 reactions whereas aprotic polar...


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