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Knowledge, then, is a system of transformations that become progressively adequate.
Jean Piaget 1896 - 1980
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The following lesson plan looks at why relationships fall apart. It is an extension of the previous lesson plan that focuses on the role of communication in relationships. The research and theory used in that lesson may be applied here as well.In addition, this lesson focuses on why it is difficult to study communication and why relationships may end or change. This can be used to discuss the "approaches...
Communication plays a key role in helping us to maintain healthy relationships. However, the study of the role of communication is not as easy as one would think and the research has several limitations.Communication is an important part of this unit because it links well to the question of "why relationships fall apart." Much of the research used in this section could be used for that learning...
In order to prepare for exams, it is important to prepare a "tailor made" study guide. A study guide should reflect your own learning and not just what someone tells you is the "best" research to use on an exam.For the topic "the individual and the group", you will find an attached study guide. I recommend that you attempt to fill it in before looking at the responses...
Kendler et al (2006) carried out a study to determine the role that genetics plays in major depressive disorder. You can use this study for the following content in the biological approach:Research methods used in the biological approach.To what extent does genetic inheritance influence behaviour?In addition, you may use it in the abnormal option.To what extent do biological factors influence abnormal...
Essential understandingsOur behaviour is influenced by others, even when we believe that we are acting independently.We have both an individual and a social identity which influences our behaviour.Behaviours are learned through our interaction and observation of others.Stereotypes affect behaviour.The sociocultural approachPsychologists recognize that human behaviour can only be fully understood if...
This lesson focuses on the role of neurotransmission in human behaviour - specifically, on memory.In keeping with the rest of the content of this mini unit on the biology of memory, acetylcholine will be the primary example given. However, there are other examples of neurotransmission affecting behaviour throughout the course; for example, dopamine and addiction; serotonin and depression; or serotonin...
A hormone is a chemical that is secreted by glands in the endocrine system. Unlike neurotransmitters, they are released directly into the blood stream. Hormones may act as neurotransmitters and attach to post-synaptic receptor sites. There are several different hormones that appear throughout the course. In this mini-unit on the biology of memory, I will focus on cortisol and adrenaline, the two key...
This section of the site is devoted to materials that may be used to organize and assist students in the setting up and carrying out of the internal assessment. The section includes suggestions for experiments to replicate, reminders of restrictions for the internal assessment, planners and checklists, as well as samples of IA's which students should consult before starting their report writing....
The following lesson is on the evolution of attraction. It starts with an overview of evolutionary theory and then looks at two key studies of the role of biology in attraction.The lesson finishes with an evaluation of evolutionary arguments in psychology. Another study - the study known as the Smelly T-Shirt study by Wedekind, will be addressed in the next lesson which focuses on pheromones - however,...
The following lesson plan is an introduction to brain imaging techniques - a key way in which psychologists are able to study the brain.Although I will focus on MRIs (structural) and fMRIs (functional) as techniques, I will also show them what else is happening in the world of neuroimaging. This lesson does not focus on specific studies as we have already discussed Maguire and Sharot in the previous...
John Crane provides an invaluable resource for all IB Psychology teachers. The site provides up to date studies and relevant material in the current news. It has become my go-to source for IB specific materials.
InThinking has been a tremendous help for a first time IB Psychology teacher. The students have found the lessons relevant and rigorous. I am very impressed by the variety of materials and writing samples available on the website.
I have used several of the resources on this site! In addition, the site organization has helped me to better grasp how to organize my coursework...I wish I had more free time to search on the site! I'm grateful that our school paid the subscription...
21 Nov John Crane
D. AnalysisDear Viktorija - it can be handled in different ways. The IB argues that we should keep all data since this is what happens when we study human behaviour. They could also discount data that was more than 2 standard deviations away from the...
21 Nov Viktorija Dimitrovska
D. AnalysisOoops sorry... Ok My question would be if students have outliers should they remove them and explain why they removed them, or should they do additional tests, such as calculating semi-interquartile range to eliminate outliers that may distort...
21 Nov John Crane
D. AnalysisDear Viktorija I cannot give feedback on actual student work. I can only answer specific teacher questions. As a person who is involved with assessment, this would be a breach of my contract with the IB. If you have a specific question about...
21 Nov John Crane
LP 2: Introducing SAQsDear Dawn, Please read through the Paper 1 clarifications under "updates." There is an explanation of how questions are set. No, they may not ask a question combining research methods or ethics with specific content - only at the topic level.
21 Nov John Crane
ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDDDear Laura Students need to be able to write about the role of biological factors in the etiology of depression, but there is no list of what is required. So, knowing about genetics should be enough. Although I think that when it comes to...
21 Nov John Crane
FAQs for Internal AssessmentDear Yinan Yes, that is totally fine. Students should have translations for the moderators to be able to best understand what was actually done in the IA. No worries.
21 Nov John Crane
Writing samples: AbnormalDear Ama They may focus on a single aspect of the biological approach or a take a broader approach to the biological approach.
21 Nov KIS International School
Writing samples: AbnormalDear John, Just a last clarification if the students are writing on biological etiology can they just focus solely on the genetic argument of depression or do they have to focus on multiple aspects of the biological approach. For example,...
20 Nov Sarah Asselborn
BiologicalGot it. Thank you for all your hard work in creating such great support materials. Sarah
20 Nov Dawn Clare
LP 2: Introducing SAQsHi John is it possible that an examination question could be set on the topic rather than on specific content i.e., focused on the individual and the group rather than social identity theory? Thank you Dawn
20 Nov Yinan Zhao
FAQs for Internal AssessmentDear John, I am currently having a concern of guilding my students working on the IA project. Since all the participants are students from Chinese high school, is it OK for my students to communicate with their participants in Chinese and using...
20 Nov Laura Anderson-Rice
ALP 2.1 Biological etiology of MDDHi John, In terms of the exam, is it enough to know the genetic explanation or do they need the serotonin and cortisol hypotheses with accompanying research? Thanks, Laura