Authenticity of Student Work
The making of the work
The importance of the process and the crafting is integral to the work that is presented for the final exhibition, All art work submitted for assessment should be made by the student. When students enlist the help of technicians in building supports, plinths, frames and other structures they should state explicitly which parts were made by others.
Design vs realization
In the case of designs for work not executed by the student, the design and plans may be considered as part of the work submitted but not the piece if it has been realized by someone other than the student. This applies to fashion design as well if the piece is not entirely made by the student.
The Art Factory Model
Artists like Jeff Koons or Murakami have huge production studios full of assistants executing the work as the master has instructed. Damien Hirst employs a posse of young artists in need of a job to paint the dots on his famous dot paintings..Andy Warhol ran an art factory, but IB Art students must make it themselves.
Music and Sound
If the student is creating video work and including sound or music it must be copyright free ( and cited as such) or original ( created by student). There is plenty of easy to use software for students who want to create their own sound effects, but even most smartphones can record field sounds that can be used as original sound material. Examiners however, will not be assessing the sound component.
When including sound in art pieces be sure to source and cite where it comes from and do not use copyright material. Remember, Original Sound is best! Go to Sound in Contemporary Art for more on this topic, and the page on the controversial issues of Sound in IB Art
Obviously, found objects are not made by the student but the resulting combination of objects is an original art piece as is the concept. More about the The Ready Made here..
TIP: The exhibition text is the ideal place to identify if objects are self made, found, purchased, appropriated etc.
An Exhibition Text is required for each piece submitted for exhibition, stating title, medium, size and intention/ background info for each piece. Here are two examples.
In the case of the student work depicted here, made using purchased clay pots that the student painted, collaged, broke and used as part of an installation- this was clearly noted in the exhibition text .
Designed object (bench), found object (pottery), photographs, paint.
Installation- 610 x 590 cms, Bench- 300 x 40 cms
The installation presents that pain, shown through the broken pottery, is integral to human life, but not its singular constituent. The work intends for the viewers to accept the presence of the broken pottery, but neglect it, sit upon the bench, and gaze at the world outside, to acknowledge its existence and beauty. While all shards appear visually the same, internally each has its own unique story.
If the student made the clay pots himself the materials listed would be: Designed object ( bench), pottery, photographs, paint.
For example in this piece that includes found object material I would write the following exhibition text, specifiying which part is mine and which part is found object:
Medium: Gouache over found 1950s book plate of Ghiberti's doors of the Baptistry
Size: 20 x 25 cm
Intention: I painted a free standing doorway and a cloud over a bookplate reproduction of Lorenzo Ghiberti's bronze low relief on the doors of the Florence Baptistry. This piece is a play on the concept of a Door and explores flatness vs perspective and the illusionism inherent in the reproduction of artworks. The original text has been whited out to leave only the word DOOR.