Developing Critical Thinking
Teach students the habit of writing reflectively about art. By regularly investigating the meaning of art and related issues they will develop writing skills, critical thinking skills and learn to use Art Vocabulary. This will help meet the assessed criteria in all 3 components that refers to articulate and appropriate use of art language. ( criteria E for CS and PP, CR for Exhibition)
Questions and prompts for first year students
The type of journal reflection depends largely on what you are doing in the class at that time. It might be you just a quote ( check out the daily quotes feature on the homepage) from an artist and a reflection on this, or raise the level of thinking with the challenging TOK questions below.
Journal reflections become material for the Process Portfolio
Give year 1 students a list of prompts or thought provoking questions/topics as listed below. Each week choose one topic and write a response in the Visual Journal. Lessen this to once a month as they learn how to articulate their thoughts. In the beginning teacher specifies the question, but as they become more independent let students choose their own topics.
Eventually students will be setting their own questions, reflecting on Ideas and Intentions, engaging in Reviewing, Reflecting, Refining and Critical Investigation of artists for the Process Portfolio
Process PortfolioCriterion B Critical investigationTo what extent does the portfolio demonstrate the students critical investigation of artist, artworks and artistic genres, communicating a growing awareness...
The Process Portfolio naturally supports and informs students developing studio work, through the exploration of skills, techniques and processes and critical investigations into artists, artworks, art...
An important part of the Process Portfolio, criterion C is about showing how your ideas and intentions begin and progress, and how your choice of imagery and techniques/media communicates these ideas.
To Reflect, Review and Refine is part of developing a growing artistic self awareness and the ability to self reflect, analyze and review own development. It is to ask, How have I developed as an artist?
Art and TOK Questions
These challenging questions make excellent starting points for a thought provoking reflection and discussion.
Handout Art and Tok Questions
Art and Ethics
• What moral responsibilities does the artist have or not have? Are they different from any other knower?
• To what extent does the artist have a moral obligation to avoid or confront issues that might shock or be contrary to most people?
• Do you think controversy is important for an artwork to have a strong impact? Why do artists often rely on the shock factor?
• What do we expect from art? Truth? Seduction? Provocation? Beauty
Art and Meaning
- Does art have to have meaning?
- Conversely, if something is meaningless, can it be art?
- Who decides what is art? Are there limits to what we can call art?
- Is there a distinction between high art and low art? Between Art and Craft? What might this be?
- Is there a common ground for what constitutes art?
- When does performance become art?
- Is there a line between the different art forms?
- Is life art?
Art and Originality
- Can ideas be owned?
- Does a signature make a work of art?
- Is the idea or the thing the original?
- Does a work of art become less valuable when it is infinitely reproducable?
- more of these questions can be found in the TOK section
Cool Reflections: ART 21 Prompts
This selection of prompts from Art21 are opportunities to talk about artists and ideas, using their wonderful collection of films and interviews. Art21 has activities in conjunction with the reflections, great resource! Use these ones below or choose whatever interests you from their vast catalog of artists.
Questions: John Baldessari
How can artists guide or even control the way audiences see and experience their work?
What are the benefits and drawbacks of having a plan when creating a work of art?
Can art be transcendent?
What do portrait photographers create, for whom, and for what occasions?
How has digital technology influenced the way we take photographs? How has photography changed since the nineteenth century?
How does the scale of an artwork affect the way that one might experience it?
Reflections on Art vs Craft, Appropriation and more
A series of interesting topice for reflection
Exhibition Visits make an excellent opprotunity for journal reflections, and so do slideshows or films.
What does it mean to be original?Can ideas be owned? Does a signature make a work of art? In this section you will find observations on the idea of originality, Jim Jarmusch's manifesto on Nothing is...
Appropriation in art and art history refers to the practice of artists taking a pre-existing image from another context—art history, advertising, the media, and creating a new image or object by combining...