Power, Places and Networks

Links to Pages with Lesson Plans for Power Places and Networks

This page provides links to pages with lesson plans with learning activities that cover everything in the IB guide for this topic. Lesson plans include resources to use on an interactive whiteboard and worksheets to print. The pages have full student access to give maximum flexibility to the teacher and the student. There are theoretical notes for extended reading and teacher notes at the top that provide timing information lesson objectives and activity instructions

Syllabus

1. Global Interactions and Global Power

Globalization indices showing how countries participate in global interactions

Global superpowers and their economic, geopolitical and cultural influence

  • Detailed examples of at least two actual or potential global superpowers

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How wealthy and powerful places exist at varying scales, and how the global map is complex and subject to change

Measuring Global Interactions and Role of the US and China as Global Superpowers

This page provides resources for several lessons of teaching. It uses a variety of activities, including Google Streetview, a 9-card diamond ranking on influencing global factors and choropleth mapping the 2016 KOF data, using Google Drive. It uses a  variety of resources including an OECD video, data sets and infographics to explore the merits of three different measures of globalization, before going on to to look at detailed case study resources comparing the global superpower characteristics of China and USA and investigating their economic, geopolitical and cultural impact.

Powerful organizations and global groups:

  • G7/8, G20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) groups
  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries’ (OPEC) influence over energy policies
  • global lending institutions, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and New Development Bank (NDB)

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How wealthy and powerful places exist at varying scales, and how the global map is complex and subject to change

Powerful Organizations and Groups

This page provides and introduction to all the main global organisations. It includes video and text resources as well PDF resources and a fact find sheet. There are a number of ways the resources can be used, either independently or in pairs or groups. Students can role play a global organisation or simply present one. Students should all complete a fact find worksheet. The lesson concludes with a discussion on the geopolitical influence these organisations have and how this reflects on the influence and power of different nations.

Syllabus

2. Global Networks and Flows

An overview of contemporary global networks and flows:

  • global trade in materials, manufactured goods and services
  • an overview of international aid, loans and debt relief
  • international remittances from economic migrants
  • illegal flows, such as trafficked people, counterfeit goods and narcotics

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

The relative importance of different flows, and the suitability of different methods for graphically representing flows and interactions

Global Networks and Flows

This page provides a large number of resources to explore the flow of materials, manufactured goods and services. It begins with a starter worksheet for students to classify key words into players, networks and flows as part of the cogs of the global economy. It then explores the pattern of change and contemporary flows using a number of interactive maps, including a targeted question exercise with the stunning Blueshift Map Maker tool. There are also a number of gallery slideshows to explore. The page concludes with an interesting slideshow from the McKinsey Global Institute as well as featuring a forum discussion by contemporary business leaders focused on the key drivers of globalization.

Global Financial Flows

This page provides resources on different types of financial flow, including FDI, loans, debt relief, aid and remittances. There is a large PDF resource sheet for student annotation and exercises based on the graphs, data and video links. The lesson requires students to describe the spatial patterns of financial flows. It begins with an activity based on the MGI connectedness Index and then looks specifically at each type of financial in some detail before concluding with a look at the complex net movement of financial transfers away from developing countries, based on the stunning research of GFI. This links nicely to the illegal flows of money developed in the next page.

Illegal Flows

This page provides many resources to explore the flows of illegal goods. It begins by looking in more depth at the problem of illicit flows in finance, including the huge scale of illicit flows from developed and developing regions. It then introduces a mapping activity on all illegal flows as well as the illegal drug trade. There are a number of short videos that develop the flow of counterfeit goods and people trafficking, before students explore the concept of nexus thinking and apply it to the problem of transnational organised crime as well as the threat of global terrorism.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and outsourcing by transnational corporations (TNCs), and ways in which this networks places and markets

  • Two contrasting detailed examples of TNCs and their global strategies and supply chains

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

The relative importance of different flows, and the suitability of different methods for graphically representing flows and interactions

FDI and Outsourcing - Two contrasting TNC Global Strategies

Apple Inc. is the dominant technology company with a successful global outsourcing strategy. AB InBev is a leading beer and beverages company with an FDI strategy of mergers and acquisitions. Both have massive global reach and sophisticated global supply chains. The page first  introduces FDI and outsourcing strategies before developing a huge range of resources aimed at independent student research to develop two detailed examples of TNCs and their global supply chains and strategies.

Syllabus

3. Human and Physical Influences on Global Interactions

Political factors that affect global interactions:

  • multi-governmental organizations (MGOs) and free trade zones
  • economic migration controls and rules

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How processes that influence spatial interactions are interlinked in complex ways that accelerate globalization

Multigovernmental Organisations Influence on Global Interactions

This page introduces Multigovernmental Organisations with a fun map and logo starter. The page then provides a broad range of activities based on the relevance and role for economic integration in different MGOs, including the UN, NAFTA, The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund as well as the World Trade Organisation and the economic policy of neoliberalism. It explores the role of Free Trade Zones, through the Lagos Free zone and presents the role of MGOs and Free Trade Zones  in the context  of the question, who is most likely to benefit, the host country or the global

Economic Migration - Rules and Controls

This page introduces different types of migration and then develops a number of resources that examine the global patterns of economic migration at different scales. It goes on to look in-depth at some key regions such the EU and the US as destination regions. It examines the different types of economic migrant from the illegal migrant to the elites. It then also develops the concepts of brain drain and brain gain and how some countries such as South Africa, Taiwan and India are developing policies to retain the benefits of their skilled labour.

Our “shrinking world” and the forces driving technological innovation:

  • changing global data flow patterns and trends
  • transport developments over time
  • patterns and trends in communication infrastructure and use

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How processes that influence spatial interactions are interlinked in complex ways that accelerate globalization

'The Global Village'

This page provides a number of student centered resources that enable them to explore the level of global connectivity in the world. It introduces the topic through a gallery of the latest disruptive technologies. Students then look at the concepts of the shrinking world before mapping patterns of global connectivity, using a resource pack of maps. The page then develops a large card sort and noting activity based around the changing trends in data flows, transportation and communications before going on to address the drivers of this change through the thinking of the futurist, Gerd Leonard and the convergence of the concepts 'combinatory, exponential and interdependent'.

The influence of the physical environment on global interactions:

  • natural resource availability
  • the potentially limiting effect of geographic isolation, at varying scales

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How processes that influence spatial interactions are interlinked in complex ways that accelerate globalization

The Importance of Physical Geography for Global Interactions

This page provides a concise introduction to the impacts of the physical environment on global interactions. It first develops the global pattern of resource exploitation. Using a variety of maps students explore the main suppliers of raw materials. The scale of this exploitation is highlighted in the short clip from Story Stuff. Students then explore the broader impacts of the physical environment on global interactions through a mind map activity, before looking at the relationship between global connectiveness and remoteness at varying scales from the global to the local regional scale.

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