Challenges and Opportunities

Lesson Plans for Challenges and Opportunities

This is a link page to sub-pages that provided detailed lesson plans and learning activities that cover everything in the IB guide for this topic. Lesson plans include resources to use on an interactive whiteboard and worksheets to print. The pages have full student access to give maximum flexibility to the teacher and the student. There are theoretical notes for extended reading and teacher notes at the top that provide timing information lesson objectives and activity instructions



3. Challenges and Possibilities

Global and regional/continental trends in family size, sex ratios, and ageing/greying

Policies associated with managing population change, focusing on:

  • policies related to ageing societies
  • pro-natalist or anti-natalist policies
  • gender equality policies and anti-trafficking policies

The demographic dividend and the ways in which population could be considered a resource when contemplating possible futures

  • One case study of a country benefiting from a demographic dividend

Synthesis, evaluation and skills opportunities

How population change may affect the power balance between groups of people at local, national and international scales

Population Patterns and Policies

This page provides class and home study resources for students to learn about both youthful and aging dependency ratios. Students will learn through a combination of detailed country profiles and skill based resources about the challenges of high dependency. It uses World Bank data first to explore global and regional differences, before developing contemporary place examples, such as China and its 'Two-Child Policy', 'The Bangladeshi Miracle' and Germany''s controversial opening up to refugees. These countries show a range of different policies with differing success and implications.

Aging Policies

This page provides resources on the growing problem of a rapidly aging society in China. It begins with resources that set the context at the national scale and then starts to delve deeper at local scale factors where the spatial distribution of elderly impacts both rural and urban areas. This lesson develops the thinking of  Howard French who refers to the 'left behind generation'

The Brain Drain of the British NHS

This page provides a student investigation into the impacts the National Health Service (NHS) has on extracting skilled health workers from other countries through bilateral agreements. In an aging society one policy is to recruit and active population from abroad. Whilst the NHS may be benefiting, what are the impacts of this on the countries these skilled migrants leave behind?

Gender Policies and Trafficking Policies

This page develops resources and activities that introduce the subject of gender equaliy and human trafficking. The lesson begins with the innovative resource produced by the World's Largest Classroom Project, whereby students assess and graph the level of gender equality in their own community. After completing a short fact find based on a BBC news clip on human trafficking students then investigate in order to present the policies to tackle both gender equality and human trafficking. It is important that students develop policies at different scale, including the UN, the national scale and NGOs.

The Demographic Dividend

This page introduces the concept of the demographic dividend through an interactive infographic based on Sub-Saharan Africa. Students then use that infographic to learn the different factors required for a DD to occur. Students are then introduced to South Korea's DD through a slideshow and a population pyramid activity. Students learn more on the outcomes and consequences of the DD in South Korea through a number of well chosen activities and then through a  more detailed (thinking skills) nexus hexagon challenge.

All materials on this website are for the exclusive use of teachers and students at subscribing schools for the period of their subscription. Any unauthorised copying or posting of materials on other websites is an infringement of our copyright and could result in your account being blocked and legal action being taken against you.