4. Future Resilience and Adaptation

Lesson Plans for Future Resilience and Adapatation

These learning activities cover everything in the IB guide for this topic. Lesson plans include resources to use on an interactive whiteboard and worksheets to print. The pages have full student access to give maximum flexibility to the teacher and the student. There are theoretical notes for extended reading and teacher notes at the top that provide timing information lesson objectives and activity instructions.


Global geophysical hazard and disaster trends and future projections, including event frequency and population growth estimates

Trends in Geophysical Hazards

This page uses a variety of graphics and maps to explore the trends in geophysical hazards before looking at the challenges of prediction and forecasting of hazards. A gallery of resources and resource pack (cut-up activity) are used to examine the relationship between disasters and population change. A number of resources and PDF worksheets look at fault science, measurement of volcanic activity as well as a brief introduction to early warning systems.


Geophysical hazard adaptation through increased government planning (land use zoning) and personal resilience (increased preparedness, use of insurance and adoption of new technology)

Geophysical Hazard Adaptation

This page has a large amount of resources looking at ways places can adapt to geophysical hazards. It begins with students looking at a number of hazard risk maps and student examine how authorities can make use of them. A decision making activity then examines this further in Christchurch. Students then look in more depth at the role of scientific community and their role in understanding faults and forecasting seismic impacts. In addition there are resources on the role of insurance companies and more in-depth look earthquake early warning systems.


Pre-event management strategies for mass movement (to include slope stabilization), earthquakes and tsunami (to include building design, tsunami defences), volcanoes (to include GPS crater monitoring and lava diversions)

Pre-event Management Strategies

This page provides resources on the engineering steps that can be taken to better manage and control landslide events, earthquakes and tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. There are some introduction resources on slope stability, followed by a card sorting activity on strategies to stabilise slopes. Students then note-take through a gallery of images on seismic design strategies, supported by a worksheet. There is also an annotation exercise on retrofitting houses in Low Income Countries. In addition, there is a look at a Japan's planned Great Tsunami Wall as well as a good video on lava diversion on Mount Etna.


Post-event management strategies (rescue, rehabilitation, reconstruction), to include the enhanced use of communications technologies to map hazards/disasters, locate survivors and promote continuing human development

Post-event Management

This page provides resources on the post-event strategies for hazard management. It begins with a card sort on different types of responses and students sort them into a time-frame for post event management. The resources broken down as search and rescue, providing temporary shelter, use of information communications, and rehabilitation and recovery are well chosen and place based. For each type of management there are well chosen place examples and resources in which students explore the challenges as well as the impacts on human development.

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